PLACES & RELIGIOUS TERMS OF HAJJ
1. “EHRAAM”: This is an unsewn clothing without which a pilgrim can not cross “Meeqaat”. It is composed of two sheets, preferably of white and new cloth otherwise old clean cloth – one to be used to cover the upper body and the other to wrap round the waist (Tahband). This is, in a way, a dress to present oneself in the Most Exalted Court of Allah Almighty – a clean, simple, seamless and unostentatious clothing.
2. “MEEQAAT”: The places, spots (boundary lines) which one should not cross to reach Holy Ka’bah without adopting Ehraam even though one goes there for business or some other errand.
3. “TALBIYAH”: It means to utter “Labbaiek” i.e. Labbaiek Al-Laahumma Labbaiek. Labbaieka Laa Shareeka Laka Labbaiek. Innal Hamda Wane’mata Laka wal Mulk. Laa Shareeka Lak”. Utterance of Labbaiek once is must for Ehraam and Niyat (intention) is condition for it.
4. “HARAM-E-KA’BAH”: The vast area around the holy Makkah having boundary lines on all sides. This include the whole Makkah (city), Minaa and Muzdalifa with the exclusion of’ Arafaat. It is Haraam (unlawful) to hurt the beasts even the wild pigeon(s) within the limits of Haram-e-Ka’bah and even to uproot the grass of the holy land is unlawful.
5. “HILL”: The land from the bondary line of Haram upto Meeqaat is called “Hill”.
6. “TAWAAF”: Making circuit of the holy Ka’bah remaining within the precincts of “Masjidul Haraam” (the grand mosque round the Ka’bah) in a specified manner is called Tawaaf.
7. “MATAAF”: The Masjidul Haraam is a vast circular compound that has numerous verandahs and passages on its edges with the holy Ka’bah situated in centre. There is a circle round the Ka’bah which is called “Mataaf’ (the place of performing circum-abulation).
8.”RUKN”: The corner of the House of Allah (Khaana-e-Ka’bah) where two walls of it meet is called angle. The Khaana-e-Ka’bah has four corners:
a. Rukn-e-Aswad: This corner is situated in the south-east direction and “Hajar-e-Aswad” (the holy black-stone) is embedded in this wall high (from the ground).
b. Rukn-e-‘Iraaqee: This corner is situated in the north-east. The holy door of the Ka’bah is installed in the eastern wall, located between these two corners, very (high from the ground).
c. Rukn-e-Shaamee: It is situated in the northwest direction. If the pilgrim stands facing Hajar-e-Aswad, he will face “Baitul Muqaddas” (Jerusalem).
d. Rukn -e-Yamaanee: It is located in the west-south.
9. “MULTAZIM”: It is that portion of the eastern wall which is spread from Rukn-e-Aswad to the holy door of the Ka’bah. After having performed Tawaaf the pilgrims offer prayer and make “Du’aa” (supplication) at “Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem” (the station of Prophet Abraham) and then kiss, embrace and stretch out their hands high on this wall (Multazim).
10. MEEZAAB-E-RAHMAT: It is “Parnaalah” made of gold (a golden outlet to drain rain-water) fixed on the roof of holy Ka’bah resting on the northern wall which is situated between Rukne-e-‘Iraaqee and Rukn-e-Shaamee.
11. HATEEM: A portion of land adjacent to the same nothern wall which is surrounded by a low curvy (bow-like) wall having passages on both sides.
12. MUSTAJAAR: It is that part of the western wall situated between Rukne-e-Yamaanee and Rukn-e-Shaamee which is opposite the Multazim.
13. MUSTAJAAB: The southern wall situated between Rukne-e-Yamaanee and Rukn-e-Aswad where seventy thousand Angels are posted to say “Aameen” on the supplications (Du’aa) of the pilgrims. That’s why it is called “Mustajaab” (the spot where supplications are answered).
14 IZTIBAA7IDTIBAA: It denotes the act of placing (both ends of) sheet on the left shoulder passing under the right arm-pit before performing Tawaaf. Thus keeping the right shoulder bare.
15. RAML: To walk briskly with short steps moving the shoulders with the chest out (indicative of strength and bravery) in the first three circuits of Tawaaf. Neither to jump nor run in the process.
16. ISTILAAM: To kiss Hajar-e-Aswad placing the palms of both hands on it with the face between them, if possible, otherwise touch the hands or stick with it and kiss them/that or give it a flying kiss.
17. HAJAR-E-ASWAD: It is a black stone which serves as a point for the pilgrims to begin from and end at it their Tawaaf of the House of Allah. There is in Hadees that Hajarul Aswad was whiter than milk when sent down from heavens. It were the faults (sins) of mankind which blackened it.
18. MAQAAM-E-IBRAAHEEM: There is a stone placed in glass case before the door of holy Ka’bah which has the imprints of the feet of Prophet Abraham who rest his feet on it while constructing the holy Ka’bah. Allah Almighty has counted “Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem in “Aayaat-e-Baieynaat” (cogent arguments, categorical proof(s) of the Divinity).
19. QUBBAH ZAMZAM SHAREEF: This “Qubbah” (dome) is situated in the south from Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem within the precincts of the grand mosque which has the well of Zamzam.
20. BAABUS SAFAA: One of the southern gates of the grand mosque which leads to Safaa hill.
21. SAFAA: It is situated in the south of holy Ka’bah. There was a hill in the ancient time but now there exists only a trace of it. A long verandah has been constructed here facing the Qiblah which has stairs to get on it.
22. MARWAH: This is other hill which is situated in the east of Safaa having just a trace of hill. There is also a verandah facing the Qiblah with stairs. There is a market on the right hand (from Safaa to Marwah) and on the left is the precincts of Masjidul Haraam (grand mosque).
23. MEELAIEN-E-AKHDARAIEN: The two green spots (between Safaa and Marwah) where green tube-lights remain on round the clock.
24. MAS’AA: The distance between these two green spots which is covered by marching quickly without running and hurting other pilgrims.
25. SA’EE: Marching from Safee to Marwah and Marwah to Safaa and marching quickly between Meelaien-e-Akhdaraien is called Sa’ee.
26. HALQ: To get the head shaved off. Doing so is a commendable act.
27. TAQSEER: To get the hair (of the head) cropped. Doing so is permissible.
28. WUQOOF-E-‘ARAFAH: Staying in ‘Arafaat on 9th Zilhij and to busy oneself in Zikr, Labbaiek, Du’aa, Durood Shareef, Istighfaar and Kalimah-e-Tauheed (remembrance of Allah, Talbeeh, supplication, invocation of Allah’s blessings on the Holy Prophet, seeking forgiveness of Allah and Code of Evidence). And particularly to devote oneself to Du’aa after having offered Zuhr and Asr prayers till the sunset, is called Wuqoof-e-‘Arafah.
29. MAUQIF: The staying place in ‘Arafaat for which there is an injunction that the pilgrims should busy themselves in Zikr and Du’aa in standing posture here after offering prayer till the sunset.
30. BATN-E-‘ARNAH: It is one of the Haram’s rivulets in ‘Arafaat which is located in the west of Namrah mosque (i.e. towards the holy Ka’bah). To stay here is impermissible. If any pilgrim halts or stay here, his/her Hajj will not be in order.
31. MASJID-E-NAMRAH: It is a big mosque situated at the corner of ‘Arafaat ground. If its western wall falls, it will fall in Barn.
32. JABAL-E-RAHMAT: It is one of the hills of ‘Arafaat which is about 300 ft. high from the ground and 3000 ft. high from the sea-level. It is also called Mauqaf-e-‘Azam. The Mauqaf (staying place) of the Holy Prophet is situated near it which is tiled with black stones.
33. MUZDALIFAH: It is a large field between ‘Arafaat and Minaa which is situated at a distance of nearly three miles from ‘Arafaat and Minaa is about at the same distance from it (Muzdalifah). There is in a narrative that Prophet Adam and Eve met in Muzdalifah after Prophet Adam’s supplication was answered in ‘Arafaat.
34. MAAZINAIEN: It is a narrow passage between the hills of ‘Arafaat and Muzdalifah. The Holy Prophet had adopted this way to reach Muzdalifah from ‘Arafaat.
35. MASH’AR-E-HARAAM: It is the name of that particular place which is situated between the two hills of Muzdalifah. The Muzdalifah as a whole is also called Mash’ar-e-Haraam. There was a dome at the Wuqoof (staying place) of the Holy Prophet in Muzdalifah but now a mosque has been constructed here which is called Masjid-e- Mash’ar-ul-Haraam. Mash’ar-e-Haraam is also called Quzah.
36. WAADI-E-MUHASSAR: It is the very place where elephants of “As-haabil Feil” (the men of elephants) had refused to rush the holy Ka’bah and were perished.
37. MINAA: It is a vast field situated at the foot of hills. The pilgrims arrive at here from Muzdalifah and observe “Ramee Jimaar” and sacrifice animal(s).
38. MASJID-E-KHEEF: It is the big and famous monsque of Minaa. “Kheef’ means valley. There is in a narrative that seventy Prophets are taking rest (buried) here. This moque has a eight-faceted dome where, as reported in narratives, many Prophets offered prayers. The tent of the Holy Prophet was also pitched here.
39. RAMEE: Throwing pebbles against “Jimaars” (three pillars symbolising Satans) erected in Minaa.
40. JIMAAR: The three stone-pillars symbolising Satans set up in Minaa are called “Jimaar”. The first one is called “Jamratul Oolaa” the second as “Jamratul Wustaa” and the third one is called “Jamratul Uqbah”. The pilgrims will find Jamratul Uqubah first on way to Minaa from holy Makkah.
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PLACES & RELIGIOUS TERMS OF HAJJ