Namaz ka Tarika | Namaz padhne ka tarika kya hai?

Namaz ka Tarika | Namaz padhne ka tarika kya hai?

 
 
NAMAAZ PADHNE KA TAREEQA:
SAWAAL: Namaaz padhne ka tariqa kya hai ?
JAWAAB: Namaaz padhne ka tariqa ye hai ki baWuzu Qiblaru doono paawon ke panjo me chaar ungliyo ka faasla karke khada ho aur doono haath kaan tak le jaaye ki angoothe kaan ki lou se chu jaaye iss haal me ki hatheliyan Qibla rukh ho phir niyyat kare ALLAAHu akbar kehte huwe haath neeche laakar naaf ke neeche baandhle aur sana padhe. “SUBHANAKALLAAHUMMA WA BIHAMDIKA WA TABAARA KASMUKA WA TA AALA JADDUKA WALA ILAAHA GAIRUKA” phir Taouz yaani ‘AWUZU BILLAHI MINASH SHAITAAN NIRRAJEEM’ phir Tasmiyah yaani ‘BISMILLAH HIRRAHMAAN NIRRAHEEM’ padh kar ALHAMDU padhe aur Aameen aahista kahe, uske baad koyi surat ya teen aayate padhe ya ek aayat jo ki chooti teen aayaton ke barabar ho. aub ALLAAHu akbar kehta huwa ruku me jaaye aur ghutno ko haath se pakad le iss tarah ki hatheliya ghutno par ho, ungliya khoob pheli ho, peeth bichi ho aur sar peeth ke baraabar ho ooncha neecha na ho aur kam se kam teen baar “SUBHANA RABBIAL AZEEM” kahe phir “SAMIALLAAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH” kehte huwe seedha khada hojaaye aur akele namaaz padhta ho toh uske baad “RABBANA LAKAL HAMD” kahe phir ALLAAHu akbar kehta huwa sajde me jaaye iss tarah ki pehle ghutne zameen par rakhe phir haath phir doono haatho ke beech me naak phir peshaani rakhe iss tarah ki peshaani aur naak ki haddi zameen par jamaaye aur baazoun ko karwato aur peit ko raano aur raano ko pindhliyo se juda rakhe aur doono paawon ki sab ungliya Qiblaru ho aur kam se kam teen baar “SUBHANA RABBIAL AALA” kahe phir sar uthaye phir haath aur dahina qadam khada karke uski ungliya qiblarukh kare aur baaya qadam bicha kar uss par khoob seedha bait jaaye aur hatheliya bichakar raano par ghutno ke paas rakhe phir ALLAAHu akbar kehta huwa sajde me jaaye aur pehle ki tarah sajda karke phir sar uthaye phir haatho ko ghutno par rakh kar panjo ke bal khada hojaaye aub sirf ‘BISMILLAH HIRRAHMAAN NIRRAHEEM’ padh kar Qirath shuru kare phir pehle ki tarah ruku sajda karke baaya qadam bicha kar bait jaaye aur Tashahud padhe “ATTAHI YATULILLAHI WASSALAWATU WATTAIBAATU ASSALAAMU ALAIKA AYYUHANNABIYYU WA RAHMATULLAHI WA BARKA TAHU ASSALAAMU ALAINA WA AALA IBAADILLAHISSALIHEEN ASHHADU ALLAAILAAHA ILLALAAHU WA ASHHADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASSOLUHU” Tashahud padhte huwe jab kalimaye “LAA” ke qareeb pahunche toh dahine haath ke beech ungli aur angoothe ka halka banaye aur changuliya aur uske paas waali ko hatheli se milaade lafze “LAA” par kalima ki ungli uthaye magar usko hilaaye nahi aur kalimaye “ILLA” par gira de aur sab ungliya fauran seedhi karle aub agar doo se ziyada rakaat padhni hai toh uth khada ho aur iss tarah padhe magar farzo ki unn rakaato me ALHAMDU ke saat surat milaana zaruri nahi aub pichla qaida(baithak) jiske baad namaaz qatm karega uss me Tashahud ke baad darood shareef padhe “ALLAAHUMMA SALLE ALA SAYYADINA MUHAMMADIN WA AALA AALI SAYYADINA IBRAHEEMA WALAA ALI SAYYADINA IBRAHEEMA INNAKA HAMEEDUMMAJEED, ALLAAHUMMA BAARIK ALA SAYYADINA MUHAMMADIN KAMA BAARAKTA ALAA IBRAHEEMA WA AALA IBRAHEEMA INNAKA HAMEEDUMMAJEED.”
PHIR DUA-E-MASURA PADHE:
“ALLAAHUMAG FIRLI WALI WAALIDAYYA WALIMAN TAWAALDA WALIJAMIEL MOMINEENA WAL MOMINATI WAL MUSLIMEEN WAL MUSLIMAATIL AHYAYI MINHUM WAL AMWATI INNAKA MUJEEBUDDAWATI BIRAHMATIKA YAA ARHAMARRAHAMEEN”, ya koyi aur dusri Dua-e-masura padhe. Iske baad pehle dahine kandhe ki taraf muh karke ‘ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM WA RAHMATULLAH’ kahe phir baaye taraf aub namaaz poori hogayi.
NAMAAZ KE BAAD KI DUA:
“ALLAAHUMMA ANTASSALAAM WAMIN KASSALAAM WA ILAIKA YARAJIUSSALAAM FAHAIYYANA RABBANA BISSALAAM WADQILNA DAARASSALAM WA TABAARAKTA RABBANA WATA ALAITA YA ZALJALAALI WAL IKRAAM”.
AURATO KE LIYE NAMAAZ KE MAQSOOS MASAYEEL:
Aurate takbeere tehrima ke waqt kaano tak haath na uthaye balki kandho tak uthaye, haath naaf ke neeche na bandhe balki baaye hatheli seene par chaathi ke neeche rakh kar uski peeth par dahini hatheli rakhe, ruku me ziyada na jhuke balki thoda jhuke yani sirf iss qadar ki haath ghutno tak pahunch jaaye, peeth seedhi na kare aur ghutno par joor na de balki mahaz haath rakh de aur haatho ki ungliya mili huwi rakhe aur paaw kuch jhuka rakhe mardo ki tarah khoob seedha na karde. Aurate simat kar sajda kare yani baazoun ko karwato se milade aur peit raano se aur raano ko pindhliyo se pindhliya zameen se juda na rakhe, aur qaida(baithak) me baaye qadam par na baithe balki doono paaw dahine janib nikaal de aur baaye sureen(puttha) par baithe, aurate bhi khadi hokar namaaz padhe. Farz aur waajib jitni namaaze bagair ujr baithkar padh chuki hai unki qaza kare aur tauba kare aurat mard ki imaamat hargiz nahi kar sakti aur sirf aurate jamaat kare ye makruh teheemi aur najaayiz hai, aurato par Juma aur Eidein ki namaaz waajib nahi.
 
NAMAAZ KI SHARTE:
SAWAAL: Namaaz ki sharte kitni hai ?
JAWAAB: Namaaz ki sharte chey(6) hai, jinke bagair namaaz sire se hoti hi nahi.
(1)Taharat: Yaani namaazi ke badan, kapde aur uss jagah ka paak hona ki jis par namaaz padhe.
(2)Satr-e-aurat: Yaani mard ko naaf se ghutno tak chupaana aur aurat ko siwaaye chehra, hatheli aur qadam ke poora badan chupaana, aurat agar itna bareek dupatta oodh kar namaaz padhe ki jis se baal ki siyahi chamke toh namaaz na hogi jab ki uss par koyi aisi cheez na oodhe ki jis se baal ka rang chup jaaye(Aalamgeeri).
(3)Isteqbaale Qibla: Yani namaaz me Qibla ki taraf muh karna. Agar Qibla ki samth me shuba ho toh kisi se daryaaft karle agar koyi dusra moujood na ho toh gaur-o-fikr ke baad jidhar dil jame usi taraf muh karke namaaz padhle. Phir agar baade namaaz malum huwa ki Qibla dusri samth tha toh koyi harz nahi namaaz ho gayi.
(4)Waqt: Lihaaza waqt se pehle namaaz padhi toh na huwi jiska bayan tafseel ke saat pehle guzar chuka hai.
(5)Niyyat: Yaani dil ke pakke iraade ke saat namaaz padhna zaruri hai aur zubaan se niyyat ke alfaaz kehlena mustahab hai, iss me arabi ki kuch takhsees nahi urdu wagairah me bhi ho sakti hai, aur youn kahe niyyat ki maine niyyat karta hoon na kahe.
(6)Takbire Tehreema: Yaani namaaz ke shuru me ALLAAHu akbar kehna sharth hai.
 
ISTILAHATE SHARIYA KA BAYAN:
SAWAAL: Farz aur waajib kise kehte hai ?
JAWAAB: Farz woh kaam hai ki usko jaan booj kar chodhna saqt gunah aur jis ibadat ke andar woh ho bagair uske woh ibadat durust na ho. aur waajib woh kaam hai ki usko jaan booj kar chodhna gunah aur namaaz me qasdan chodne se namaaz ka dubaara padhna zaruri aur bhool kar choot jaaye toh sajda-e-sahu laazim.
SAWAAL: Sunnate muakkada aur Gair muakkada kise kehte hai ?
JAWAAB: Sunnate muakkada woh kaam hai ki jiska chodhna bura aur karna sawaab hai aur ittifaqan chodhne par itaab aur chodhne ki aadath kar lene par mustahike azaab aur sunnate muakkada woh kaam hai ki uska karna sawaab aur na karna agarche aadath ho itaab nahi magar sharan na pasand ho.
SAWAAL: Mustahab aur Mubah kise kehte hai ?
JAWAAB: Mustahab woh kaam hai ki jiska karna sawaab aur na karne par kuch gunah nahi aur mubah woh kaam hai ki jiska karna aur na karna baraabar ho.
SAWAAL: Haraam aur makruh tehreemi kise kehte hai ?
JAWAAB: Haraam woh kaam hai ki jiska ek baar bhi jaan booj kar karna saqt gunah hai, aur usse bachna farz aur sawaab hai, aur makruh tehreemi woh kaam hai ki jiske karne se ibadat naakis ho jaati hai aur karne waala gunahgaar hota hai agarche uska gunah haraam se kam hai.
SAWAAL: Makruh tanzeehi aur khilafe Aula kise kehte hai ?
JAWAAB: Makruh tanzeehi woh kaam hai ki jiska karna shariyat ko pasand na ho aur usse bachna behtar aur sawaab ho, aur khilafe Aula woh kaam hai ki jiska na karna behtar hai aur karne me koyi muzaiqa(harz) aur itaab nahi.
 
NAMAAZ KE FARAAIZ:
SAWAAL: Namaaz me kitni cheeze farz hai ?
JAWAAB: Namaaz me chey(6) cheeze farz hai, (1)Qiyaam, (2)Qirat, (3)Ruku, (4)Sajda, (5)Qaida-e-aaqira, (6)Quruja bisunihi.
SAWAAL: Qiyaam farz hai iska kya matlab hai ?
JAWAAB: Iska matlab ye hai ki khade ho kar namaaz adaa karna zaruri hai toh agar kisi ne bagair ujr baith kar namaaz padhi toh na huwi, khwaah aurat ho ya mard. Haan nafl namaaz baith kar padhna jaayiz hai.
SAWAAL: Qirat farz hai iska kya matlab hai ?
JAWAAB: Iska matlab ye hai ki farz ki doo rakaato me aur witr sunnat aur nafl ki har rakaato me Qur’aan shareef padhna zaruri hai toh agar kisi ne inme Qur’aan na padha toh namaaz na hogi.
SAWAAL: Qur’aan Majeed aahista padhne ka adna(kam) darja kya hai ?
JAWAAB: Aahista padhne ka adna darja ye hai ki khud sune agar iss qadar aahista padha ki khud na suna toh namaaz na hogi.
SAWAAL: Ruku ka adna(kam) darja kya hai ?
JAWAAB: Ruku ka adna darja ye hai ki haath ghutne tak pahunch jaaye aur poora ruku ye hai ki peet seedhi bichaade aur sar peet ke barabar rakhe ooncha neecha na rakhe.
SAWAAL: Sajde ki haqeeqat kya hai ?
JAWAAB: Peshaani zameen par jamna sajde ki haqeeqat hai, aur paawo ki ek ungli ka peit zameen se lagna sharth hai toh agar kisi ne iss tarah sajda kiya ki doono paaw zameen se uthe rahe toh namaaz na huwi balke agar sirf ungli ki naak zameen se lagi jab bhi namaaz na huwi.(Bahare Shariyath)
SAWAAL: Kitni ungliyo ka peit zameen se lagna waajib hai ?
JAWAAB: Doono paawo ki teen-teen ungliyoun ka peit zameen se lagna waajib hai.
SAWAAL: Qaida-e-aqira ka kya matlab hai ?
JAWAAB: Namaaz ki rakaate poori karne ke baad Attahiyyatu wa Rasoolahu tak padhne ki miqdaar tak baithna farz hai.
SAWAAL: Quruja bisunihi kise kehte hai ?
JAWAAB: Qaida-e-aqira ke baad qasdan manafiye namaaz koyi kaam karne ko Quruja bisunihi kehte hai, lekin salam ke alaawa koyi dusra munafi qasdan paaya gaya toh namaaz ka dubaara padhna waajib hai.
 
NAMAAZ KE WAAJIBAAT:
SAWAAL: Namaaz me jo cheeze waajib hai unhe bataye ?
JAWAAB: Namaaz me yeh cheeze waajib hai, Takbeer-e-tehreema me lafze ALLAAHu akbar hona, Alhamdu padhna, Farz ki doo pehli rakaato me sunnat, nafl aur witr ki har rakaat me alhamdu ke saat surat ya teen chooti aayat milaana, farz namaaz me doo pehli rakaato me Qirat karna, alhamdu ki surat se pehle hona har rakaat me surat se pehle ek hi baar alhamdu padhna, alhamdu wa surat ke darmiyan kisi ajnabi ka fasil na hona. Qirat ke baad fauran ruku karna, sajde me doono paawo ke teen teen ungliyo ka peit zameen par lagana doono sajde ke darmiyan koyi rukn fasil na hona, taadil arkaan, Qauma yaani ruku se seedha khada hona, jalsa yaani doono sajdon ke darmiyan seedha baithna Qaida-e-oola me tashahud ke baad kuch na padhna, har Qaida me poora tashahud padhna, lafze assalaam doo baar kehna, witr me dua-e-Qunoot padhna, takbeere qunoot, Eidein ki chaaron takbeere, Eidein me dusri rakaat ki takbeer-e-ruku aur uss takbeer ke liye lafze ALLAAHu akbar hona, har zaahiri namaaz me imaam ko zaahir se qirat karna aur gair zaahiri me aahista, har waajib aur farz ka uski jagah par hona, ruku ka har rakaat me ek hi baar hona aur sujood ka doo hi baar hona, dusre se pehle Qaida na karna aur chaar rakaat waali me teesri par qaida na hona, aayate sajda padhi toh sajda-e-tilawat karna aur sahu ho toh sajda-e-sahu karna doo farz ya doo waajib ya waajib farz ke darmiyan teen tasbeeh ki miqdaar wakfa na hona, imaam jab qirat kare buland aawaz se khwaah aahista uss waqt muqtadi ka chup rehna aur siwaaye qirat ke tamaam waajibaat me imaam ki pairwi karna.
NAMAAZ KE SUNNATE:
SAWAAL: Namaaz me sunnato ka bayaan farmayiye ?
JAWAAB: Namaaz ki sunnate ye hai, tehreema ke liye haath uthaana aur haatho ki ungliyan apne haal par choodna takbeer ke waqt sar na jhukaana aur hatheliyo aur ungliyo ke peit ka Qibla rukh hona, takbeer se pehle haath uthaana isi tarah takbeere qunoot wa takbeerate Eidein me kaano tak haath le jaane ke baad takbeer kehna. Aurato ko sirf kandho(mundho) tak haath uthaana imaam ka ALLAAHu akbar, SamiALLAAHuliman hamidah aur salaam buland aawaaz se kehna takbeer ke baad haath latkaaye bagair fauran baandh lena, sana, taouz tasmiya padhna aur aameen kehna aur inn sab ka hona pehle sana padhna fir taouz fir tasmiya aur har ek ke baad dusre ko fauran padhna, ruku me teen baar Subhana Rabbial Azeem kehna aur ghutno ko haatho se pakadna aur ungliyan khoob khuli rakhna, aurato ko ghutno par haath rakhna aur ungliya kushaada(khuli) na rakhna, haalate ruku me taange seedhi hona, ruku ke liye ALLAAHu akbar kehna, ruku me peet khoob bichi rakhna, ruku se uthne par haath latka huwa choodh dena, ruku se uthne me imaam SamiALLAAHuliman hamidah kehna, muqtadi ko rabbana lakalhamd kehna aur akele ko doono kehna, sajde ke liye aur sajde se uthne ke liye ALLAAHu akbar kehna, sajde me kam se kam teen baar Subhana Rabbial Aala kehna, sajda karne ke liye phir ghutna phir haath phir naak phir peshaani(matha) zameen par rakhna aur sajde se uthne ke liye pehle peshaani(matha) phir naak phir haath phir ghutna zameen se uthaana, sajde me baazu karwato se aur peit raano se alag hona aur kutte ki tarah zameen par kalayiya na bichaana, aurato ka baazu karwato se peit raano se raan pindaliyo se aur pindaliya zameen se mila dena, doono sajdo ke darmiyan(beech) Tashahud ki tarah baithna aur haatho ko raano par rakhna, sajdo me haatho ki ungliyo ka Qibla rukh hona aur mili huwi na hona aur paawo ki dus ungliyo ke peit zameen par lagaana, dusri rakaat ke liye panjo ke bal ghutno par haath rakh kar uthna, Qaida me baaya paaw bichaakar doono sureen(khula) uspar rakh kar baithna, dahina pair khada rakhna aur dahine pair ki ungliyan Qibla rukh(Qible ki taraf) karna, aurat ko doono paaw dahini taraf nikaal kar baaye sureen(khula) par baithna, dahina haath dahini raan par aur baaya haath baayi raan par rakhna aur ungliyo ko apni halath par choodhna, shahaadath par ishara karna, Qaida-e-aakhira me tashahud ke baad darood shareef aur dua-e-masoora padhna.
 
QIRAATH KA BAYAAN:
SAWAAL: Agar sure fatiha padhne ke baad surat milaana bhool jaaye aur ruku me yaad aaye toh kya kare ?
JAWAAB: Agar surat milaana bhool jaaye fir ruku me yaad aaye toh khada ho jaaye aur surat milaaye phir ruku kare aur aakhir me sajda-e-sahu kare.
SAWAAL: Farz ki pehli doo rakaat me surat milaana bhool jaaye toh kya kare ?
JAWAAB: Farz ki pehli doo rakaato me surat milaana bhool jaaye aur ruku ke baad yaad aaye toh pichli doo rakaato me padhe aur sajda-e-sahu kare aur magrib ki pehli doo rakaato me bhool jaaye toh teesri me padhe aur ek rakaat ki surat jaati rahi, aakhir me sajda-e-sahu kare.
SAWAAL: Agar farz ki pehli doo rakaato me se kisi ek me surat milana bhool jaaye aur ruku ke baad yaad aaye toh kya kare ?
JAWAAB: Teesri ya chouthi me suraye fatiha ke saat surat milaaye aur sajda-e-sahu kare.
SAWAAL: Agar sunnat ya nafl me surat milaana bhool jaaye aur ruku ke baad sajda wagairah me yaad aaye toh kya kare ?
JAWAAB: Aakhir me sajda-e-sahu kare.
SAWAAL: Pehli rakaat me jo surat padhi phir usi ko dusri rakaat me bhool kar shuru kar di toh kya kare ?
JAWAAB: Phir usi surat ko shuru kar di toh usi ko padhe aur qasdan(jaan bujkar) aisa karna makruh tanzeehi hai haan agar dusri yaad na ho toh harz nahi.
SAWAAL: Dusri rakaat me pehli waali se upar ki surat padhi yaani pehli me Qul ya ayyuha kafiroon aur dusri me Inna aa taina kal kausar padhi toh kya hukm hai ?
JAWAAB: Dusri rakaat me pehli waali se upar ki surat ya aayat padhna makruh tehreemi aur gunah hai magar bhool kar aisa ho toh na gunaah hai aur na sajda-e-sahu.
SAWAAL: Bhool kar dusri rakaat me upar ki surat shuru kar di phir yaad aaya toh kya kare ?
JAWAAB: Jo shuru kar chuka hai usi ko poori kare agarche abhi ek hi harf padha ho.
SAWAAL: Pehli me Alam tara kaifa aur dusri me Lee Ilaafi choodh kar Araitallazi padhna kaisa hai ?
JAWAAB: Dusri me ek chooti surat choodh kar padhna mana hai aur bhool kar shuru kar di toh usi ko qatm kare choodne ki ijaazath nahi.
 
JAMAAT AUR IMAAMAT KA BAYAAN:
SAWAAL: Jamaat farz hai ya waajib ?
JAWAAB: Jamaat waajib hai, jamaat ke saat ek namaaz padhne se sattayis(27) namaazo ka sawaab milta hai, bagair uzr ek baar bhi choodne waala gunahagaar aur choodhne ki aadath kar lene waala faasiq hai.
SAWAAL: Jamaat choodhne ke ujr kya kya hai ?
JAWAAB: Andha, ya apaahij hona, itna boodha ya bimaar hona ki masjid tak jaane se majboor ho, saqt baarish ya shadeed keechad ka hayil hona, aandhi ya saqt andheri ya saqt sardi ka hona aur paakhana wa peshaab ki saqt haajat(zarurath) hona wagairah.
SAWAAL: Imaamat ka sabse ziyaada haqdaar kaun hai ?
JAWAAB: Imaamat ka sabse ziyaada haqdaar woh shaks hai jo namaaz wa tahaarath ke ahkaam sab se ziyaada jaanta ho. phir woh shaks jo tajweed yaani qiraat ki jaankaari ziyaada rakhta ho, agar koyi shaks inn baato me baraabar ho toh woh shaks ziyaada haqdaar hai jo ziyaada muttaqi ho agar iss me bhi baraabar ho phir ziyaada tahajjud guzaar. Garz ye ki chand aadmi baraabar ho toh unn me jo sharee tarjeeh rakhta ho wahi ziyaada haqdaar hai.
SAWAAL: Kin loogo ko imaam banaana gunah hai ?
JAWAAB: Faasiq molin jaise sharaabi, juaari, zinakaari, soodkhoor, chugalkhoor aur daadhi mundaane waala ya kata kar ek musht(mutthi) se kam rakh ne waala aur woh badd mazhab ki jis ki badd mazhabi hadde kufr ko na pahunchi ho, unn loogo ko imaam banaana gunah hai aur unke peeche namaaz makruh tehreemi waajibul iaada hai.
SAWAAL: Wahabi devbandi ke peeche namaaz padhna kaisa hai ?
JAWAAB: Wahabi devbandi ke aqeede kufri hai maslan unn loogo ka aqeeda ye hai ki jaisa ilm Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ko haasil hai aisa ilm toh baccho, paagalo aur jaanwaro ko bhi haasil hai jaise ki unka peshwa molvi ashraf ali thanwi ne apni kitaab hifzul imaan me safa no:8 par Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke liye kul ilme gaib ka inkaar karte huwe sirf baaz ilme gaib ke bare me yun likha hai ki “Isme Huzur ki kya takhsee hai aisa ilm toh zaid wa umar balki har sab(baccho) maznoon balki jameea haiwanaat wa bahayam key liye bhi haasil hai” Maaz ALLAAH Rabbil Aalameen. Iss tarah unke peshwaon ki kitaabon me bahuth se kufri aqeede hai jinhe woh haq maante hai isliye unke peeche namaaz padhna najaayiz wa gunah hai agar kisi ne galti se padhli ho toh phir se padhe agar dubaara nahi padhega toh gunahgaar hoga.(Bahare Shariyath)
SAWAAL: Kin loogo ko imaam banaana makruh hai ?
JAWAAB: Gawaar, andhe, walduzzina, amrad, kodhi, faaliz ki bimari waale, bars(kodh) waala jis ka bars zahir ho, inn sabko imaam banana makruh tanzeehi hai aur karahat uss waqt hai jabki jamaat me aur koyi unse behtar ho aur agar wahi mustahiqqe imaamat hai toh karahat nahi aur andhe ki imaamat me toh khafeef karahat hai.(Bahare Shariyath)
 
NAMAAZ FAASID KARNE WAALI CHEEZE:
SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se namaaz faasid ho jaati hai ?
JAWAAB: Kalaam karne se khwaah amdan(Jaanboojkar) ho ya galti ya bhool kar apni khushi se baat kare ya kisi ke majboor karne par behtar surat namaaz jaati rahegi. Zuban se kisi ko salaam kare jaan kar ya bhool kar namaaz faasid ho jaayegi isi tarah zubaan se salaam ka jawaab dena bhi naam ko fasid kar deta hai, kisi ki cheenk ke jawaab me “YarhamukALLAAH” kaha ya khushi ki khabar sun kar jawaab me “Alhamdulillah” kaha ya tajub me daalne waali khabar sun kar jawaab me “SubhaanALLAAH” kaha ya buri khabar sun kar jawwab me “Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raajioon” kaha toh inn tamaam mashkalo me namaaz jaati rahegi. Lekin agar khud usi ko cheek aayi toh hukm hai ki chup rahe aur agar “Alhamdulillah” kahliya toh bhi namaaz me haraj nahi. Namaaz padhne waale ne apne imaam ke alaawa dusre ko luqma diya(yaad dilaya) toh namaaz faasid ho gayi. Isi tarah apne muqtadi ke alaawa dusre ka luqma lena bhi namaaz ko faasid kar deta hai, aur galat luqma dene se luqma dene waale ki namaaz jaati rehti hai. “ALLAAHu akbar” ki alif ko kheench kar “AALLAAHu akbar” ya aakbar ya akbaar kehna namaaz ko faasid kar deta hai. Isi tarah “ALLAAHu akbar” ki ‘Ra’ ko ‘Da’ padhne se namaaz faasid ho jaati hai. Aur “Nastaeen” ko “Nastaaeen” padhne se namaaz jaati rehti hai, aur anamath ki ta ko zabar ke bajaay zeir ya peish padhne se namaaz faasid ho jaati hai. Aaah, oh, uf tuf dard ya musibath ki wajah se kaho ya aawaaz ke saath roye aur huruf(akshar) paida huwe toh inn sab surato me namaaz jaati rahegi lekin agar mareez ki zubaan se beiqtiyaar ‘Aah ya Oh’ nikle toh namaaz faasid na huwi isi tarah cheenk, khaansi, jamaahi aur dakaar me jitne huruf majbooran nikalte hai muaaf hai. Daaton ke andar khaane ki koyi cheez reh gayi thi usko nigal gaya agar chane se kam hai toh namaaz makruh huwi aur chane ke barabar hai toh faasid ho gayi. Aurat namaaz padh rahi thi bacche ne uski chaathi choosi agar doodh nikal aaya toh namaaz jaati rahi. Namaaz ke aage se guzarna namaaz ko faasid nahi karta khwah guzarne waala mard ho ya aurat magar guzarne waala saqt gunahgaar hota hai. Hadees shareef me hai ki namaazi ke aage se guzarne waala agar janta ki iss par kya gunah hai toh zameen me dhans jaane ko guzarne se accha jaanta.
 
NAMAAZ KE MAKRUHAAT:
SAWAAL: Namaaz ke andar jo baate makruh hai unhe bataye ?
JAWAAB: Kapde, badan ya daadhi ke saat khelna kapda sametna, jaise sajde me jaate waqt aage ya peeche se uthana kapda latkaana yani sar ya mundhe par iss tarah daalna ki doono kanare latakte ho, kis aasteen ka aadhi kalaayi se ziyaada chadhaana, daaman samet kar namaaz padhna, shiddat(zordaar) ka paakhana, peshab maloom hote waqt ya galbaye riyaah ke waqt namaaz padhna mard ka judha baandhe huwe namaaz padhna ungliya chatkaana, ungliyo ki kainchi baandhna kamar par haath rakhna, idhar udhar muh pheir kar dekhna, aasman ki taraf nigah uthaana. Tashahud ya sajdon ke darmiyan kutte ki tarah baithna, mard ka sajde me kalaayiyo ka bichaana, kisi shaks ke muh ke samne namaaz padhna, kapde me iss tarah lipat jaana ki haat bhi baahar na ho. pagdi iss tarah baandhna ki beech sar par na ho naak aur muh ko chipaana bezarurath khankaar nikaalna, bilkasd jamaahi lena aur khud aaye toh harz nahi, jis kapde par jaandaar ki tasweer(photo) ho usko pehen kar namaaz padhna, tasweer ka namaazi ke sar par yaani chath me hona ya latka hona ya sajda karne ki jagah me hona ki uss par sajde waaki ho, namaazi ke aage ya dahine ya baaye ya peeche tasweer ka hona jab ki latki ho ya nasab ho ya diwaar wagairah mankoosh ho(dewaar par khood kar ya waise hi kisi jaandaar ki tasweer bani hona) ulta Qur’aan majeed padhna, kisi waajib ko tark karna(choodhna)qiyaam ke alaawa kisi aur mauqe par Qur’aan padhna ruku me Qirat ko khatm karna, Imaam se pehle muqtadi ka ruku wa sujood wagairah me jaana ya usse pehle sar uthaana yeh tamaam baate makruh tehreemi hai.