Islam | Religion, Beliefs, Practices, & Facts | 5 pillars of Islam
Q :- What belief should a person have regarding Allah Ta’ala?
A :- Allah Ta’ala is One and has no partners. It is only He Who has created everything including the skies and the earth. Only He is worthy of worship and no one other than Him has the right to be worshiped. Only He provides sustenance to every being. To make someone rich or poor, grant respect or humiliation are all under His power.
Whoever He wishes, He grants respect and whoever He wishes, He degrades. In all His actions lies wisdom regardless of whether a servant understands it or not.
He is of the highest order of excellence. He is free from falsehood, delusion, dishonesty, oppression, ignorance, and from all other defects. To associate any type of defect with Him is Kufr.
Therefore, a person who has the belief that Allah Ta’ala can tell a lie is misled and a heretic.
Q :- Is it allowed to call Allah Ta’ala an ‘old man’?
A :- To use such words in the court of Allah Ta’ala is Kufr.
Q :- Some people say ‘whatever the one above wishes shall happen or’ Allah is above and you are below ‘or even’ Allah is above and the jury is below ‘! upon a Muslim to refrain from them.
A :- These types of sentences lead a person astray. It is paramount
Q :- Is it allowed to address Allah Ta’ala as’ Allah Miya?
A :- “Allah Miya ‘should not be said as it is forbidden.
Q :- Who are the Angels?
A :- Like humans, angels are also a creation but have been created from light (Noor). They are neither male nor female and they do not eat or drink.
They implement their duties appointed by Allah Ta’ala. Some Angels write the good and bad deeds of a servant; known as Kiraman Katibeen. Some angels ask the deceased questions in the grave; known as Munkar Nakeer.
Others are appointed to deliver the Durood and Salaams of Muslims to the court of the Prophet. There are also other various duties which Angels carry out and within them are four famous Angels. Firstly, Hazrat Jibra’eel who brings the commands and revelations from Allah Ta’ala to the Messengers; secondly, Hazrat Israfeel A who shall blow the horn on the Day of Judgment; thirdly, Hazrat Mika’eel who controls the rain and sustenance and the fourth is Hazrat Izra’eel from the people who remove the souls. Whoever claims that Angels do not exist or that they are an alternative name for the divine power is a Kaafir.
The Divine Books of Allah Ta’ala
Q :-How many Divine Books are there of Allah Ta’ala?
A :- Many small and large books of Allah Ta’ala have been revealed. Large scriptures are known as Kitaab and small are known as Saheefa. Within them are four famous Kitaab.
The first is Taurait (Torah), which was revealed upon Hazrat Musa (Moses),
the second is Zaboor (Psalms) revealed by Hazrat Dawood (David),
the third is Injeel (Bible) revealed upon Hazrat Isa (Jesus) and
the fourth is the Qur’an, which was revealed upon our Prophet.
Q :- Was the entire Qur’an revealed at once or in stages?
A :- The entire Qur’an was not revealed at once but in stages over a period of 23 years as the need developed.
Q:- Is it important to have faith in each and every chapter of the Qur’an?
A:- Yes. It is necessary to have faith in every chapter and verse of the Qur’an. If a person refuses to accept even one verse or claims that the Qur’an is altered and not in its original form is a Kaafir. KI Messengers and Prophets
Messengers and Prophets
Q:- Who are Messengers and Prophets?
A: -Messengers and Prophets are human and the servants of Allah Ta’ala. They were sent onto this earth to guide humanity and deliver the message of Allah Ta’ala to them. They perform miracles, make apparent the unseen, they never lie, and are free from committing any kind of sin.
There have been approximately 124,000 to 240,000 Messengers and Prophets. The first of them was Hazrat Adam and the last is our Beloved Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad.
Q:- Are we allowed to regard the deities of the Hindus as Prophets?
A:- To call a person a Prophet must be proven by the Qur’an and the Hadith. Since there is no such evidence in the Quran or Hadith regarding this, we cannot call their deities as Prophets.
Q :-Are we allowed to write ‘after the name of the prophets?
A:- It is Haraam to write -but e should be written. Our Beloved Prophet &
Our Prophet Hazrat Muhammad
Q:- Who is our Prophet and describes his personality?
A :-Our Prophet is Hazrat Muhammad who was born on Monday 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal, approximately 20th April 571 AD in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. His father was Hazrat Abdullah.
It is also forbidden to abbreviate Durood to SAW or PBUH. 3.
and his mother was Hazrat Aminah. I have lived in this world for 63 years. I have spent 53 years in Makkah Sharif, thereafter spending 10 years in Madinah.
He died on 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal 11 AH, being 12th June 632 AD. His blessed grave is in Madinah Sharif, around 200 miles north of Makkah Sharif. O
Describe some of the attributes of our Prophet.
A:- Our Prophet is the king and prophet of all Prophets; the rest of the Prophets are his nation. He is the final Prophet and no other prophet shall come after him. Whoever believes that a prophet may come after him is a Kaafir. All the creation seeks the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala and the pleasure of the Prophet is the most beloved to Allah Ta’ala.
Obedience to the Prophet O is being obedient to Allah Ta’ala. Everything in the skies and the earth was made apparent to him. All that will happen in the corners of the world until the Day of Judgment is observed by the Prophet in such a way, as one looks at his palm. He has the ability to see what is behind him with equal strength and as clearly as he looks above, below, and in front. No object is ever an obstacle for him. The Prophet even knows exactly what is happening beneath the earth.
Even feelings of the heart such as humility are also recognized by the Prophet. Our walking, sitting, standing, eating, speaking, and everything else at any time is all acknowledged by the Prophet, granted to him by Allah Ta’ala.
Q :-Is our Noble Prophet alive?
A :-Our Prophet, along with all the other Prophets, is alive. It has been mentioned in a Hadith that the Prophet once said, “Allah has made it Haraam upon the earth to eat the bodies of the Prophets. Hence, the Prophets are alive and they are provided with sustenance.” (Mishkat) e What is the ruling for a person who says, “The Prophets are dead and have been consumed by the soil” !? A Such a person is misled, a heretic and is evil.
Discourse on Qiyamat (The Day of Judgment)
Q :-What is Qiyamat?
A :-Qiyamat is a day on which Hazrat Israfeel A shall blow the horn. The horn resembles that of an animal and shall emit a sound, killing all the humans and animals. The earth, skies, the moon, sun, mountains, and everything else shall Derich including the horn and Hazrat Israfeel himself. This shall happen on the 10th of Muharram on a Friday.
Q :-State some of the signs of Qiyamat?
A:- Qiyamat will be near when sins become abundant, people shall carry out Haraam actions openly, cause distress to parents whilst keeping good relations with others, breach of trust, Zakaah shall become a burden, knowledge of the religion shall be attained to gain worldly benefits, dance and music shall become abundant, criminals shall become the leaders of nations and people of low status such as shepherds shall compete with one another in erecting tall buildings. ol yillide w
Q:- What is the ruling for that person who denies Qiyamat?
A :-Qiyamat will certainly take place and a person who denies this is a Kaafir.
Discourse at Taqdeer (Destiny)
Q:- What is Destiny?
A :-Whatever happens in the world including the good or bad Ta’ala. This is known as Destiny. actions carried out by people have already been written by Allah
Q :-Are we compelled to carry out those actions which Allah Ta’ala has written down in our destiny?
A :-No. We are not compelled to carry out those actions which Allah Ta’ala has written, but according to His knowledge, He has already written the actions we were going to carry out. If a bad action was written in a person’s destiny, it is because he 5.
was going to commit that atrocity. If he was to carry out a good deed, then Allah Ta’ala would have written a good deed in his destiny. Conclusively, a person is not obliged to carry out an action written in his destiny by Allah Ta’ala. Destiny is a fact, Cai baoiinam as rir2 26 whosoever denies its existence is misled and a heretic. 915 Resurrection
Q:- What is Resurrection?
A:- On the day of Qiyamat when the earth, skies, humans, and angels shall cease to exist, then Allah Ta’ala, whenever He wishes, will restore life to Hazrat Israfeel who shall blow the horn for the second time.
Everything shall come back to life including humans and angels. The deceased shall rise from their graves and everyone will be presented in the court of Allah Ta’ala where their good and bad deeds will be subject to accounting and judgment.
People will be given a reward for their good deeds and punishment for their bad deeds. The good shall enter Paradise whilst the bad suffer the consequences of their deeds in Hell.
Giving accounts for one’s deeds, heaven and hell are all true and certain. Anyone who denies the truth regarding the accounting on the day of Qiyamat or the existence of heaven and hell is a Kaafir, sfie separate from internal 19.919
Discourse on Shirk (Polytheism) and Kufr (Infidelity)
Q :- What is Shirk?
A :- To associate partners with Allah Ta’ala in His self or in His attributes is known as Shirk. The meaning of associating partners with Allah in His self is to believe in two or more gods. For example, the Christians believe in the trinity and hence are regarded as polytheists.
Similarly, Hindus believe in many ‘gods’ and as a result, are also known as polytheists. The meaning of associating partners in the attributes of Allah Ta’ala is that a person believes someone else to have the same qualities such as the power to listen and see, characteristics ali lis to bne 6.
anyone which Allah possesses without inheriting them from the same qualities which are his own and not given to him Allah Ta’ala is a Shirk.
If a person believes that this attribute is bestowed upon him by Allah Ta’ala then this is not classed as Shirk, as mentioned in the Qur’an: else. In the same way, to believe that another person has the “We have made man as a listener and an observer.” (Surah Dahr, Verse 2)
Q:-What is Kufr?
A:- To reject any one of the fundamental aspects of religion that are known to be an integral part of religion through necessity is classed as Kufr.
There are many fundamentals but only a few shall be mentioned:
- To believe in the oneness of Allah Ta’ala and to believe that His existence is necessary;
- Not associating any partners with Allah Ta’ala in His self or in His attributes;
- To believe Allah Ta’ala is pure from oppression, telling lies and all other defects;
- To believe in all the angels and all the books of Allah Ta’ala;
- To believe that each and every verse of the Qur’an is the truth To believe in the prophethood of our Beloved Prophet and of all the other Prophets;
- To believe that all the Prophets are noble and not to degrade them in any way, shape or form; To believe all of which has been brought to us by a Messenger of Allah through rigorous and an indisputable chain of transmission as true;
- To believe the Prophet as the final Prophet and there is no prophet who may proceed or come after him To have faith in the day of Qayamat including an accounting of deeds, heaven, and hell;
- To believe that actions such as Salaah, Fasting, Hajj, and Zakaah are obligatory;
- To believe in the illegitimacy of adultery, theft, and alcohol and other unlawful acts as transmitted to us through rigorous proof and indisputable chains of transmission;
- To believe a Kaafir is a Kaafir.
Q :-What happens if a person commits Shirk or Kufr?
A :-He should repent and renew his faith. If he is married then he will have to remarry and if he is a Mureed then he will have to take the pledge (bay’ah) again.
-What should a person do if he commits a sin apart from Shirk and Kufr?
A He should repent in the court of Allah Ta’ala, show remorse and cry sincerely feeling shame, and also have a firm intention in the heart that he shall never commit the same without again. To merely repent from the tongue saying Towba, Towba is not sufficient.
Q:- Are all types of sin forgiven by repentance?
A :-Ifa sin is committed whereby the right of a person is breached such as seizing a person’s wealth, accusing or oppressing him, then first and foremost, it is necessary that the right of the victim is restored or forgiveness is asked from him.
Thereafter, one should ask forgiveness from Allah Ta’ala for that sin. For the sins committed which do not relate to the right of a person but violate the commands of Allah Ta’ala, fall into two categories. The first consists of those sins which can be forgiven through sincere repentance such as consuming alcohol. The second comprises of those sins which cannot be forgiven by repentance only, such as the sin of not performing Salaah.
It is necessary that a person first repents for not having performed the Salaah in its prescribed time and then he should perform the Qaza of these missed Salaah. If the person reaches old age and a few missing Salaahs still remain in his account, then he 8
should leave in his will the payment of a ransom! equivalent in amount to the missing Salaah. Discourse on Bid’at (Innovation) A In the eyes of Shariat, a Bid’at is that action which is innovated and was not present during the lifetime of the Prophet, regardless of whether it is concerned with the religion or the Q What is Bid’at and how many types of Bid’at are there? world.
There are three types of Bid’at:
Bid’at-e-Hasanah is a good innovation that is derived by the principals and rules from the Qur’an and Hadith. This can further be divided into two categories:
1. Bid’at-e-Waajibah consists of actions such as attaining the correct knowledge to understand the Qur’an and Hadith and also to establish arguments and debates to refute the misleading sects such as the Khaarji, Raafzi, Qadyaani, and Wahhabi;
2. Bid’at-e-Mustahabbah comprises actions such as establishing Madrasah and also performing those good actions which were not carried out in the early stages of Islam such as sending Durood upon the Prophet after the Athaan.
Durr-e-Mukhtar has been mentioned in Durr-e-Mukhtar in the chapter of Athaan that to recite ‘As-Salaatu was-Salaamu alayka yaa Rasooalallah’ after the Athaan began during 701 AH and this is classed as a Bid’at-e-Hasanah. comprised of?
Q What is Bid’at-e-Sayyi’ah and how many categories is it be given for each Salaah or fast missed. 12 kilo 45 grams of wheat or its equivalent (approximately 25 Indian Rupees) should
5 pillars of Islam
should be poured on the right side of the body three times, the left three times, over the head and finally over the rest of the body three times. Water should again be massaged over the entire body. Clothing should be worn immediately after completing Ghusl.
how many actions are Fard in Ghusl?
There are 3 actions that are Fard in Ghusl.
- To gargle.
- Pour water into your nose.
- Pour water over the entire body.
How many actions is Sunnah doing in Ghusl?
The following actions are from Sunnah in Ghusl:
- To come up with the intention for Ghusl;
- Wash both hands until the wrists three times;
- To wash the private parts;
- To remove any impurities present in the body;
- To perform Wudu;
- To spread water over the body and massage it;
- Pour water on the right and then the left side of the body, then over the head and the rest of the body three times;
- To rub one’s hands all over the body;
- Not to face the Qibla during Ghusl unless one is performing it wearing clothes;
- To perform Ghusl in a place where no one is present;
- Not to talk during Ghusl; Not to pray for any supplications during Ghusl;
- Women to sit during Ghusl;
- Wearing clothes immediately after Ghusl.
When does Ghusl become Fard upon a person?
The following things make Ghusl Fard upon a person:
- Ejaculation due to lust;
- Wet dream;
- Insertion of the male private part into a female’s frontal of rear or a male’s rear passage makes Ghusl Fard for both,
- At the end of the menstruation cycle;
- After the end of post-natal bleeding.
When is it Sunnah to perform Ghusl?
It is Sunnah to perform Ghusl in the following situations:
- On the day of Jumu’ah;
- On the day of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha;
- On the day of Arafat during Hajj;
- Before wearing the Ihram.
In which situations is it Mustahab to perform Ghusl?
It is Mustahab to perform Ghusl in the following situations:
- During the stay in Arafat and Muzdalifah at the time of Hajj;
- When visiting the Haram in Makkah Sharif and the blessed shrine of our Prophet in Madinah Sharif;
- Prior to performing the Tawaaf of the Ka’ba;
- When entering Mina; Before going to throw stones at the three pillars (jamarat);
- On Shab-e-Bara’at;
- On Shab-e-Qadr;
- On the night of Arafat;
- When attending a gathering to celebrate the birth of our Prophet, or any other gathering, after bathing the deceased,
- After regaining sanity and consciousness;
- After repenting from sins;
- Benoit before wearing new clothes;
- After returning from a journey; At the end of the Istihaza;
- bortiom idt When offering the prayer of a solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, seeking rain, at the time of fear and the prayer during sudden darkness or a storm;
- When there is an impurity present on the body and its location is unknown.
Note: It is Haraam and a great sin to bathe in front of other people with their knees exposed. In addition, Ghusl should not be performed whilst wearing impure clothing when clean clothing is available. If no other piece of clothing is available besides that which is impure, then this should be washed prior to Ghusl.
Discourse on Tayammum (Dry Ablution)
What is the method of performing Tayammum?
the fingers wide apart, one should strike both hands on the surface and wipe the face. If excess dust remains on the hand it should be shaken off.
Thereafter, one should strike the hands for the second time on the surface and wipe the right arm using the left hand and the left arm using the right hand up to and A
Firstly, an intention should be made in the heart. Next, keep including the elbows.
What should a person recite when making the intention?
He should recite the following:
“I have made the intention to perform Tayammum to become closer to Allah Ta’ala,”
Q Is the aforementioned method of Tayammum for Wudu or Ghusl?
A -This method applies to both Wudu and Ghusl.
Q -If a person wishes to do Tayammum for both Wudu and Ghusl, will he have to perform it twice or will perform Tayammum once suffice?
A -To carry out Tayammum once shall be sufficient for both.
How many actions are Fard in Tayammum?
There are 3 actions that are Fard in Tayammum:
- To make the intention;
- To wipe the entire face with your hands:
- 3. To wipe both hands up to and including the elbows.
If a person is wearing a ring, then it is Fard to wipe the part underneath it. If a woman is wearing bangles or other items of jewelry, it is Fard to remove them and wipe over all the parts.
What surfaces can be used to perform Tayammum?
Tayammum can be performed on clean dry soil, stone, sand, Multani soil, ocher, raw or baked brick, cement, or a wall made from stone or lime.
Q What things can Tayammum not be performed on?
A- Tayammum cannot be performed on gold, silver, copper, brass, iron, wood, aluminum, zinc, cloth, burnt ash, and grain. Conclusively, those objects which melt or turn into ash when burnt are not allowed to be used to perform Tayammum upon. However, if there is dust present on these objects then Tayammum is allowed using that very dust. any type of
Q -When is Tayammum allowed to perform?
A-Tayammum becomes permissible when a person does not have the capability to use water.
Q -What is the meaning of ‘not having the capability of using water?
A -This phrase has various meanings such as
- An ill person who has the certainty that his illness will increase by performing Wudu or Ghusl;
- A person is present in a place where water is absent for at least 1.5 miles in all directions;
- If a person is certain that he shall become ill or die if he uses water in an extremely cold environment;
- The absence of a rope and a bucket at a well.
There are many other instances when Tayammum can be performed. To explore these, one should consult.
Bahaar-e-Shariat and other distinguished books.
Q- If a person needed to perform Ghusl after he awoke, such that there was only enough time to perform Wudu and pray the Salaah, what should he do?
A -If there is an impurity present on the body then it should be washed, then the Tayammum for Ghusl should be performed Wudu should then be carried out and the Salaah performed Thereafter the Salaah should be repeated after performing Ghusl.
Q :-What things invalidate Tayammum?
A:-Tayammum is invalidated by those very things that break Wudu or necessitate Ghusl. Tayammum is also invalidated after regaining the capability to use water.
Discourse on Istinja (Purification)
Q -What is the method of Istinja after relieving oneself?
After a person relieves himself from urination, he should clean the private parts using soil, stones, leaves, or an old cloth and wash them using water ‘.
1 In the West where it is customary to use tissues, the same method should be adopted using tissues. one.
After a person relieves himself from excretion, he should clean the private parts three, five or seven times using soil, stones, or leaves and then wash them using water. d ton lo ineom srie
Q :-What hand should be used to handle the things used to clean the private parts?
A:-The left hand. U på bayou
Q :-What things are not allowed to be used for Istinja?
A:-Purification is not allowed using objects such as any type of food, bones, animal feces and charcoal.
Q:- In what places is relieving not permissible?
1 In the West where it is customary to use tissues, the same method should be adopted using tissues. one.
A -Relieving is not permissible in the following places:
- At the bank of a well, a lake or a river;
- In water even if it is flowing; Places where people gather; Underneath a fruit-bearing tree;
- In a field where there are crops;
- In a shade where people sit; Near the Masjid or the place where the Eid Salaah is performed (Eid-Gah); In a graveyard or on a pathway;
- At the place where animals are tied;
- At a place where people perform Ghusl and Wudu.
Q -Where should a person face when relieving?
A -A person should not face the Qibla nor have his back towards it. In India, one should face either the north or south. Discourse on Water and the leftover water from Animals
Q :-Which types of water are allowed for performing Wudu?
A:- Wudu can be performed using the following types of water:
- Water from a river, canal, stream, sea, lake, or a well;
- Water melted from snow or ice;
- water from a reservoir or a large pool.
Q:-Which types of water are not allowed for performing Wudu?
A:-Wudu cannot be performed using the following types of water:
Water squeezed from a fruit or a tree;
Water mixed with a clean substance resulting in the change of its form and its name, such as a drink, stew, tea, etc;
Water from a large pool or reservoir which has been contaminated with impurity resulting in a change in its color, smell, or taste;
Water from a small pool in which an impurity has fallen or a blood-flowing animal has died in it, although the color, smell, or the taste may not have changed;
Water which drips from the parts washed during Ghuel Wudu.
Q :- Are there any differences between the water used for Ghusl and water used for Wudu?
A:-No. Water which is allowed for Wudu is also allowed for Ghusl! and similarly, water which is not allowed for Wudu is also allowed for Ghusl.
Q:- The leftover water from which animals are classed as pure?
A :-The leftover water from animals that are lawful to eat are classed as pure such as a cow, bull, buffalo, goat, pigeon, dove, etc.
Q -The leftover water from which animals are classed as Makrooh?
A -The leftover water from the following animals is classed as Makrooh: Animals that live in the house such as a cat, mouse, snake, and lizárd; Birds of prey such as a falcon, hawk, kite, crow, etc; Free roaming chicken which places its mouth in filth; A cow having the habit of eating filth.
Q :-The leftover water from which animals are classed as impure?
A :-The leftover water from pigs, dogs, lions, cheetahs, wolves, elephants, jackals and other four-legged animals is classed as impure.
Discourse at Wells
Q :-How does a well become impure?
A :-If a person, cow, buffalo, or a goat falls into a well and dies, it makes the well impure. Similarly, if impurity falls inside the well, it too makes it impure.
Q:-If an animal falls into a well and is retrieved alive, then will the water in the well become impure or not? twenty-one
A:- If an animal, whose leftover water is impure such as a dog or a jackal, falls into a well, then the water will become impure. If an animal, whose leftover water is clean such as a cow and a goat, is retrieved alive, then the water is classed as clean on the condition that there is no impurity present on the body and there is no certainty of urination or excretion in the water,
Q:- IF the water in the well becomes impure, how much of it has to be removed?
The entire water should be removed in the following cases:
- After an impurity falls inside the well; After a person, cow, buffalo, goat, or an animal similar in size falls and dies inside the well;
- After two cats die inside the well;
- After the excrement of a chicken or a duck falls inside the well;
- After a cock, chicken, cat, mouse, lizard, or any other animal with flowing blood dies inside the well and its body expands or swells up;
- After an animal, whose leftover water is impure such as a pig and a dog, falls inside even though it is retrieved alive.
Q– What is the ruling if a mouse or a cat dies inside a well and is removed before its body expands or swells up?
A -If a rat, sparrow, chameleon, or a blood-flowing animal similar or smaller in size dies inside a well and is removed before its body expands or swells up, then twenty to thirty buckets of water shall be removed. If a cat, pigeon, chicken, or an animal similar in size dies inside a well and removed before its body expands or swells up, then forty to sixty buckets of water shall be removed.
Q -How large should the bucket be?
A– bucket that is usually found at the well shall be used. If there is no specific bucket fixed to the well, then a bucket that can hold approximately 5.25 kilograms of water should be used.
Q After purifying the water in the well, should the walls, rope A These do not have to be purified because the wall, rope, and bucket all become clean once the water in the well is cleaned and the bucket be purified as well? and purified.
Discourse on Najasat (Impurities) and How many types of impurities are there?
There are two types of physical impurities:
1. Najasat-e-Galeezah (Major);
2. Najasat-e-Khafeefah (Minor).
Q -What is Najasat-e-Galeezah?
A -Anything that is released from the body and necessitates Ghusl or Wudu is classed as Najasat-e-Galeezah, such as feces. urine, flowing blood, pus, mouth full of vomit and water from a sore eye, etc, The feces and urine of those animals which are Haraam to consume such as dog, lion, fox, cat, mouse, donkey, mule, elephant, pig and the excrement of a horse are all also Najaasat-e-Galeezah. Furthermore, the excrement of those animals which are Halaal to consume such as a cow, buffalo, goat, camel, chicken, duck, the wetness from the trunk of an elephant, and the saliva of a lion and dog, etc are all classed as Najasat- e-Galeezah. Finally, the urine of a suckling child is also classed as Najasat-e-Galeezah.
Q What is Najasat-e-Khafeefah?
A The urine of those animals which are Halaal to consume such as a cow, bull, buffalo, goat, sheep, and also the urine of a horse and the droppings of those birds which are Haraam to consume such as a crow, kite, falcon and a hawk are all classed as Najasat-e-Khafeefah.
Q -What is the ruling if a Najasat-e-Galeezah is found on the body or clothes? 2. 3
A – Najasat-e-Galeezah is greater in size than a Dirham (size of a fifty pence coin), then to clean it is Fard and Salaah shall not he accept without doing so. If Najasat-e-Galeezah is equivalent in size to a Dirham, then to clean it is Wajib and if Salaah is. performed without cleaning it then the Salaah shall become Makrooh-e-Tehrimi and therefore Wajib to repeat.
If Najasat-e-Galeezah is less in size than a Dirham, then to clean it is Sunnah and to perform Salaah without cleaning is going against the Sunnah. Repeating the Salaah prayer in such a state is preferred.
Q What is the ruling if Najasat-e-Khafeefah is found on the body or clothing?
A -If Najasat-e-Khafeefah is found and is less than a quarter of that part of the clothing or the body it is attached to, then it is acceptable. For example, impurity is present on the arm and is less than a quarter of the entire arm, or it is found on the sleeve but less than a quarter of the entire sleeve or even on the hand but is less than a quarter of the whole hand.
If Najasat-e-Khafeefah is present on a full quarter of that part, then Salaah will not be accepted without cleaning it.
Q- If impurity is found on the clothing, then how should it be washed before it becomes pure?
A- If the impurity is solid such as feces, then there is no limit set to the number of times it can be washed but it is necessary that the impurity is removed. If it is cleared after only a single wash, then it shall become pure and if it takes up to four or five washes, then it shall become pure after the fourth or fifth wash. However, if the impurity is cleaned before the third wash cycle, then it is better still to complete three wash cycles. If the impurity is thin such as urine, then the cloth will only become pure by washing it three times and tightly squeezing it after each wash: many times
Discourse on Menstruation (Haiz), Post-natal Bleeding (Nifas) and Ritual Impurity (Janabat)
Q What is menstruation and post-natal bleeding?
A- Menstruation is a blood that is released naturally from the not because of an illness or the birth of a child. The period of menstruation is a minimum of three days and a maximum of ten. If the blood is released for more or less than these dave then it is due to an illness and is referred to as Istihaazah. The blood front private part of a mature woman on the condition that it is which is released after the birth of a child is called post-natal bleeding. There is no set number of days when the blood may stop but it is possible to last up to a maximum of forty days. The blood, which is released after forty days, is classed as Istihaazah.
Q -What is the ruling regarding menstruation and post-natal bleeding?
A- It is haram to keep fast and to perform salaah in a state of menstruation or post-natal bleeding. Salaah is forgiven during this period and is not required to be made up. However, it is Fard to make up the fasts on other days. It is also forbidden to recite the Qur’an, whether it be looking inside or by memory. Similarly, it is forbidden to touch any part of the Qur’an whether it’s cover or its commentary with the hand of the tip of one’s finger or with any other part of the body. However, it is permissible to touch the casing in which it is wrapped.
Q What is the ruling for a person who is unclean or Ghusl is necessary upon him? A For such a person, it is forbidden to perform Salaah, recite Qur’an looking inside or by memory, to touch the Qur’an or to go inside the Masjid without performing Ghusl.
Q Is the person upon whom Ghusl is necessary allowed to 8º inside the Masjid?
A It is forbidden for such a person to enter the Masjid or section where Salaah is performed. It is allowed to enter those sections which are outside the Masjid such as the toilet and 25
Waydu area on the condition that to access these areas, one does not have to go through the Masjid. el bie 1siniv gnnub O Is a person upon whom Ghusl is necessary. allowed to teach the Qur’an?
A :-Such people are allowed to teach given that they break each word up into their single letter components. They are also allowed to perform Hijjay imtor t kad A A O Is it allowed to touch and recite the Qur’an without Wudu?
A :-To touch the Qur’an without Wudu is forbidden. However, it is permissible to recite the Qur’an looking inside or by memory without touching it. O MH s O What is the ruling for touching Para-e-Am or any other single chapter of the Qur’an without Wudu? A It is forbidden to touch Para-e-Am or any other single chapter of the Qur’an without Wudu.
Discourse on Salaah Time Periods
Q:- How many Salaah are Fard in a day?
A :-There are five Salaah which are Fard during the day and night. They are Fajr, Zohar, Asr, Magrib, and Isha.
Q :-What is the time period for Fajr?
A:- Fajr begins at the break of dawn and lasts until before sunrise. However, it is Mustahab to perform it when there is some light ol in the sky. Q What is the time period for Zohar?
A Zohar begins as soon as the sun declines from its point at midday and lasts until the shadow of every object becomes twice its length excluding its original shadow at midday. Traditional method used to teach Arabic to children by breaking each word into individual letters.
27 However, it is Mustahab to perform it at its beginning thymus during winter and later on during summer.
Q What is the time period for Asr?
A Asr begins after the time period for Zohar ends and lasts until sunset. However, it is always Mustahab to delay Asr, although it should not be delayed such that the sun turns yellow.
Q What is the time period for Magrib?
A Magrib begins at sunset and lasts till before the aPpearance of whiteness in the sky that is spread across the north-south disappears. It is Mustahab to perform it straight after sunset and Makrooh to delay it.
Q What is the time period for Isha? A Isha begins as soon as the whiteness spread across the north- south disappears and lasts until the break of dawn. It is Muslahab to pray it in the first third of the night, Mubaah in the first half of the night and Makrooh in the latter half since there are less chances of a congregation taking place at this time of the night. Discourse on the Makrooh Times
Q Are there times during the day and night in which Salaah is not allowed to be performed?
A Yes. It is not allowed to perform any Salaah during sunrise, sunset, and midday. However, if the Asr of that day was missed, then it is allowed to pray it close to sunset although to delay to such a degree is a great sin.
Q For how long is a person not allowed to pray Salaah when the sun rises?
A It is not allowed to pray Salaah as soon as the tip of the sun can be seen above the horizon until twenty minutes have elapsed.
O For how long is a person not allowed to pray Salaah before the sun sets? A As soon as a person can see the sun with the naked eye, he cannot pray Salaah until the sun has set. This time period is approximately twenty minutes before sunset. N Q At midday, for how long is a person not allowed to pray Salaah? A It is not allowed to pray Salaah approximately forty minutes after midday !. Q What is the ruling for praying the Janazah Salaah at any of the Makrooh times? A If the funeral was brought at the Makrooh time, then it should be performed immediately and no harm will be incurred. It is disliked when the funeral was present but the Salaah was delayed until the Makrooh time. Q What is the ruling for reciting the Qur’an during the Makrooh times? A It is better that the Qur’an is not recited during these periods but no harm shall be incurred if it is recited. ibs bluode otit Discourse on Adhaan and Iqaamat 0.01 Q Is it Fard or Sunnah to deliver the Adhaan? A For those Fard Salaah offered with congregation, it is Sunnat-e- Mu’akkadah to deliver the Adhaan and it is in the ruling of a Wajib. Meaning, if the Adhaan was not given, then everyone shall be sinful. Q When should the Adhaan be delivered? A When the time period of a Salaah begins, then the Adhaan should be given. It is not allowed before the beginning time and if delivered, it should be repeated. ‘This only applies to India.
Q Can the Adhaan be delivered apart from the Fard Salaah? A Yes It is Mustahab to deliver the Adhaan in the ear of a ha and a depressed person, a person suffering from epilepsy, the ear of an angry, malevolent person and an animal, durinea conflict and intense fire, after burying the deceased, when person becomes under the influence of Jinn and wh bewming lost and there is no guide to show the Q What is the best method in delivering the Adhaan? A A person should stand on a high place outside the Masid facing the Qibla. He should place his index fingers into his ears and loudly say the words of the Adhaan gradually without rushing. When reciting Hayye al Salnat, he should tam b face to the right and on Hage alal Falaah, to the left. Q What is the ruling regarding the answer to the Adhaan? A The ruling is that the listener should repeat what the caller recites. However, when the reciter reaches Hua al Salah and Haya aial Falazh, the listener should respond by saying both. During the Athaan of Fait, in reply to ‘Assainzia khayram minan Neum’, the listener should recite, Saiapbe we Bararte we Q What is the ruling regarding the answer to the Adhaan of the Khutbah (Friday sermon)? A Ris not allowed to respond to the Khuthah AdhaarR wath ahe Q What is the ruling regarding loaamat? A To give the lqaamat is also Sunnate-Mu’akkadah and the emphasis behind its ruling is greater than that of the Athaan Q Should the person who delivers the Athaan also have 0 the lqaamat, or can it be given by someboty olse? A Yes Only the person who delivers the Adhaan should dellver the lqaamat. Without his permission nohoy else can gve ee
Iqaamat. If a person has given the Iqaamat without his permission and the former felt displeased, then it is Makrooh. o What is ruling regarding people remaining standing during Iqaamat? A It is Makrooh for people to stand when the Iqaamat is being delivered. People should remain seated and once the person recites ‘Hayyaa alal Falaah’, they should stand. O What is the ruling for reciting Durood between the Athaan and Iqaamat? A To recite Durood, meaning to pray, ‘Assalaatu was-Salaamu alayka yaa RasoolAllah’ is allowed and is commended. In the eves of Shariat, this is called Tathweeb and it is recommended for all Salaah except for Magrib. mits Note: 1. Whosoever talks during the Athaan may – Allah forbid! – face an unpleasant departure from this world. 2. Once the Athaan is completed, both the reciter and listeners should recite Durood Sharif and then pray the following supplication: “O Allah! Lord of this complete invitation and the Lord of this everlasting Salaah until the Day of Judgment. Grant our master Muhammad (the rank of) Waseela and give him the highest rank and the most exalted status above Your entire creation. Elevate him to the Magaam-e-Mehmood as you have vowed and include us in his intercession on the Day of Judgment. Indeed, you do not go against your promise. ”
When the Mu’ezzin reaches ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammador Rasoolullah’, then the listener should recite Durood Sharic and it is Mustahab to kiss the thumbs and rub them ove the eyes saying, “Qurratu Ayni bika yaa RasoolAlla Allaahumma Matti’ni bis-Sam’i wal Basar “. Discourse on the number of Rakaat and Intention
Q How many Rakaat are performed for the Fajr Salaah?
A There are four Rakaat altogether. The first two are Sunnah and latter two Fard.
Q How should one make the intention for the two Sunnah of Fair? A “I have made the intention to pray the two Sunnah of Fajr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing towards the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”
Q How should one make the intention for the two Fard of Fajr? “I have made the intention to pray the two Fard of Fajr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”
Q How many Rakaat are performed for the Zohar Salaah? A There are twelve Rakaat altogether. The first four are Sunnah; the next four are Fard followed by two Sunnah and lastly two Nafl.
Q How should one make the intention for the four Sunnah of Zohar? A “I have made the intention to pray the four Sunnah of Zohar, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” Or How should one make the intention for the four Fard of Zohar? A “I have made the intention to pray the four Fard of Zohar, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”
Or How should one make the intention for the two Sunnah of Zohar? A “I have made the intention to pray the two Sunnah of Zohar. For the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” Or How should one make the intention for the two Nafl of Zohar? – A “I have made the intention to pray the two Nafl of Zohar, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” O How many Rakaat are performed for the Asr Salaah? A There are eight Rakaat altogether. The first four are Sunnah and the next four are Fard. O How should one make the intention for the four Sunnah of Asr?
A “I have made the intention to pray the four Sunnah of Asr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” O How should one make the intention for the four Fard of Asr? A “I have made the intention to pray the four Fard of Asr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”
Q How many Rakaat are performed for the Magrib Salaah? A There are seven Rakaat altogether. The first three are Fard; the next two are Sunnah and lastly two Nafl.
Q How should one make the intention for the three Fard of Magrib? A “I have made the intention to pray the three Fard of Magrib, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” Or How should one make the intention for the two Sunnah of Magrib? 32
“I have made the intention to pray the three Witr Wajib of Isha, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” O How should one make the intention for the two Nafl of Isha? A “I have made the intention to pray the two Nafl of Isha, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” o Will Salaah be accepted if a person forgets the words of the intention and utters something else? A Intention is made in the heart and the utterance of the tongue is not taken into account for the intention. For example, if a person had the intention to perform Zohar but he accidentally said Asr, then his Zohar Salaah will still be accepted. wo O How should one make the intention for Qaza Salaah? A It is important to mention the day and name of the Qaza Salaah to be made up. For example, if a person missed the Fajr Salaah on a Friday, then he should say, “I have made the intention to pray the two Fard of Fajr Salaah which were missed on Friday, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “.
Q How should one make the intention for the Salaah missed over many years? A In this case, if a person is making up a Salaah suppose Zohar, then he should say, “I have made the intention to pray the first four Fard of Zohar which is due upon me, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. Intentions for other Salaah should be made in the same way.
Q How many Rakaat will a person pray to make up for the missed Salaah for the whole day? A He shall pray twenty Rakaat: two Rakaat of Fajr, four for Zohar, four for Asr, three for Magrib, four for Isha and three for Witr. Conclusively, one shall make up the Fard and Witr Salaah, not the Sunnah. 2 Can there be any reduction in the Rakaat of the five daily Salaah? 3. 4
A There can be no reduction in Fajr. However, one can miss onl Fard and two Sunnah in Zohar amounting to ten Rakaat, Aleo in Asr one can pray only the four Fard. In Magrib, it is allowwed to recite the three Fard and the two Sunnah, amounting to five the Nafl prayers in the rest and thus, pray four Sunnah, four Rakaat. In Isha, one can reduce the number to nine Rakaat performing the four Fard, two Sunnah and three Witr. No harm shall be incurred if the Salaah are performed in this manner, by The Method for performing Salaah
Q What is the method for performing Salaah?
A Being in the state of Wudu, one should stand facing the Qibla with a gap of four fingers between the toes of each foot. He should commence by raising both the hands up to the ears such that the thumbs touch the earlobes and the palms are facing the Qibla. After making the intention, he should recite ‘Allaahu Akbar and fold the hands beneath the navel. He should then recite Thanaa. “Glorified are You, O Allah! I am praising You and Your name is blessed. Your Magnificence is great and there is no God besides You.” Next, Shaytaanir-rajeem ‘and the Tasmiyyah, meaning’ Bismillaahir- Rahamaanir-Raheem should be recited followed by Surah Fatiha, completed by saying ‘Ameen’ quietly at the end. Next, a Surah, three verses or a verse equivalent to three verses should be recited. Thereafter saying ‘Allaahu Akbar, one should proceed into Ruku by holding the knees firmly with the hands and the fingers equally spread wide apart. The back should be straight and the head level with the back, In Ruku, ‘Subhaana Rabbiyal-Azeem’ should be recited at least three times. Next, saying ‘SamiAllaahu li-man Hamidah’, one should stand up the Ta’awwuz, meaning ‘A’oodhubillahi-minash- 35
‘IIMAllah’ lower the index finger and return the hand to its original position. If a person is praying more than two Rakaat then he should stand and complete the two Rakaat in the manner mentioned previously. However, if a person is performing a Fard Salaah, then he should only recite Surah Fatiha and it is not necessary to adjoin a Surah in the latter two Rakaat. When performing the last sitting before the completion of Salaah, Durood Sharif should also be read after Tashahhud l diod to “O Allah! Shower mercy upon our master, Muhammad and upon his family in the same way You sent mercy upon our master Ibrahim and upon his family. Indeed You are of the highest esteem. O Allah! Send blessings upon our master, Muhammad and upon his family in the same way You sent blessings upon our master Ibrahim and upon his family. Indeed You are of the highest esteem. ” Then a person should recite Dua-e-Maathurah. “O Allah! Forgive me, my parents and those who have been born, all the believing men and women, and the Muslims, those who are alive and those who have passed avay. Indeed You are the acceptor of all supplications with Your mercy, O the One Who shows mercy more than everyone else. 37
A person is also allowed to recite a different supplication to the one mentioned above. Next, he should turn his face to the right shoulder saying ‘Assalaamu alaykum wa Rahmatullaah followed by the left side. Salaah is now complete. After Salaam, the Imam should turn either towards the right or Jeft side because to keep his back towards the Muqtadi after Salaah is Makrooh. Dua after Salaah “O Allah! You are the All-Peace and peace is from You and it returns back to You. Keep us alive with peace and make us enter the House of Peace. You are full of blessings O my Lord! You are the Most Esteem, O the Most Glorified ad High. ” Special Rulings for Women in Salaah During Takbeer-e-Tehrima, women should not lift their hands until the ears but until the shoulders. Also, they should not fold their arms below the navel but should place the left hand on the chest and the right on top of the left. They should not bow down into Ruku as much but to such a degree that the hands reach the knees without firmly gripping them but merely placing the hands on top of them. The fingers should be joined together and the legs should be arched and not straight like a man. The back should also not be straightened. Women should perform Sajdah in a confined manner meaning the arms should meet the sides, the stomach should meet the thighs, the thighs should meet the calves and the calves should be touching the ground. In Qaida, they should not sit on the left foot but on their bottom with both feet pointing towards the right. 38
as well. One should say ‘I have made the intention’ and not ‘I am making the intention’; 6. Takbeer-e-Tehrima, meaning to recite’Allaahu Akbar when commencing Salaah. Discourse on the Terms of Shariat or What is a Fard and a Wajib? A Fard is that action which will be classed as a great sin if it is deliberately missed and the worship will not be valid without performing it. Wajib is that action which will be classed as a sin if it is missed deliberately. If it is missed during Salaah, then it will become necessary to repeat that Salaah and if missed accidentally, it will necessitate Sajda-e-Sahw. Or What is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah and Gair Mu’akkadah? A Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is that action which is disapproved if missed and a reward if carried out. To miss it occasionally is disapproved but to miss it continuously will lead to punishment in the Hereafter. Sunnat-e-Gair Mu’akkadah is that action which is a reward if carried out and to miss it, even deliberately is not disapproved, although it is disliked in Shariat.
Q What is Mustahab and Mubaah? A Mustahab is that action which will be rewarded if carried out but no sin on missing it. Mubaah is that action where no sin or reward is incurred by performing it. Q What is Haraam and Makrooh-e-Tehrimi? A Haraam is that action which is a great sin even if it is deliberately carried out only once and to abstain from it is Fard and a reward. Makrooh-e-Tehrimi is that action through which worship becomes incomplete and the person who does it will be sinful, although its sin is less in magnitude than that for a Haraam action.
What is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi and Khilaaf-e-Awlaa?
A Makrooh-e-Tanzihi is that action which is disapproved by Awlaa is that action which is better not to be carried out, Shariat and to abstain from it is better and a reward. Khilaaf-e performing although there is no disapproval or punishment in it. The Fard actions of Salaah
Q How many actions are Fard in Salaah?
A There are 6 actions which are Fard in Salaah.
- 1. Qiyaam; 2.
- Qiraa’at; 3.
- Ruku; 4.
- Sajdah; 5.
- 6. Khuruj Bisun’ihi.
Q What is the meaning of Qiyaam being Fard?
A It means to perform the Salaah in the standing position is mandatory and Salaah will not be valid if it is performed in the sitting position without a valid reason, regardless of whether the person is male or a female. However, one is allowed to sit when performing Nafl Salaah.
Q What is the meaning of Qiraa’at being Fard?
A It means to recite Quran in the first two Rakaat of any Fard Salaah and in all Rakaat of any Witr, Sunnah and Nafl Salaah is obligatory. If a person did not recite Qur’an in these Salaah, then it will not be accepted.
Q At what minimum level of sound should the Qur’an be quietly recited?
A The minimum level of praying quietly is that one should be able to hear himself. If he does not recite to such a degree of loudness, then Salaah will be invalid. 41
What is the minimum degree of bowing in Ruku?
A The minimum degree of bowing in Ruku is such that the hands reach the knees and the comnplete Ruku is such that the back is horizontal and the head in line with the back. These two should not be misaligned.
What is the essence of Sajdah?
A The essence of Sajdah is to press the forehead firmly against the ground. It is obligatory to bend and press one of the toes of both the feet firmly on the ground towards the Qibla. If a person performed Sajdah in a manner such that both the feet were suspended in mid-air, then Salaah will not be valid. In fact, Salaah will also be invalid if the toes merely touch the ground.
Q How many toes should be bent facing towards the Qibla? A It is Wajib to bend at least three toes from both feet. Q What is Qaeda-e-Akhirah? A On completing all the Rakaat, it is Fard to sit for the duration it takes one to recite Tashahhud until ‘Wa Rasooluhu’.
Q What is Khuruj Bisun’ihi?
A To intentionally commit an action in order to exit Salaah after Qaeda-e-Akhirah is known as Khuruj Bisun’ihi. However, if a person completes Salaah by an action other than reciting Salaam, it will become Wajib to repeat the Salaah. The Wajib actions of Salaah Q Mention the Wajib actions in Salaah.
A The following actions are Wajib in Salaah: To recite the words’ Allahu Akbar in Takbeer-e-Tehrima; To recite the entire Surah Fatiha; To adjoin a Surah or three verses after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah and in all Rakaat of Witr, Sunnah or Nafl Salaah; 42
To perform Qiraa’at in the first two Rakaat of any Fard Salaah To recite Surah Fatiha before any other Surah; To recite Surah Fatiha only once in Surah; Not to say or do anything between Surah Fatiha and a Surah which is not part of Salaah; To perform Ruku straight after completing the Qiraa’at: To bend ‘three toes from both feet towards the Oibla i Sajdah; Not to separate the two Sajdah by an action; To perform the actions correctly one after the other: Qawmah, meaning to stand straight after performing Ruku; Rakaat before every Jalsah, meaning to sit straight between the two Sajdah: Not to recite anything after Tashahhud in the first Qaeda: To recite the complete Tashahhud in each Qaeda; To recite the word ‘Assalaamu’ twice; To recite Dua-e-Qunoot in Witr Salaah; To recite the additional Takbeer in Witr Salaah; The six Takbeer of the Eid Salaah; To recite the Takbeer to proceed into Ruku in the second Rakaat of the Eid Salaah and to recite Allaahu Akbar in doing so; For the Imam to recite aloud in the Jahri ‘Salaah and quietly in the Sirri? Salaah; To offer all Fard and Wajib actions in their prescribed locations; To perform Ruku once in every Rakaat and the Sajdah twice; Not to perform Qaeda after the first Rakaat and not to perform Qaeda after the third in a four Rakaat Salaah; To perform Sajda-e-Tilaawat after reciting a verse of Sajdah and to perform Sajda-e-Sahw after missing a Wajib action unintentionally; 1 Those Salaah in which the Qiraa’at is recited aloud. 2 Those Salaah in which the Qiraa’at is performed silently. 43
On returning from Ruku, the Imam should SamiAllaahu Ili-man Hamidah, the Muqtadi should recite recite ‘Rabbana lakal Hamd’ and a Munfarid (a person performing Salaah alone) should recite both; To recite ‘Allaahu Akbar when proceeding to and returning from Sajdah; To recite ‘Subhaana Rabbiy-al-A’laa’ at least three thymus6 Sajdah; To proceed into Sajdah by placing the knees first, then the hands, the nose and finally the forehead and when returning from Sajdah, to lift the forehead, the nose, the To keep the arms separate from the sides and the stomach from the thighs and not to rest the arms on the ground like hands and finally the knees; the habit of dogs; Women to join the arms with the sides, the stomach wil the thighs, the thighs with the calves and the calves placed on the ground; To sit between two Sajdah in the manner one sits in Oaoda and to place the hands on the thighs; In Sajdah, the fingers to be close together and facing the Qibla; To bend all ten toes towards the Qibla; To stand for the second Rakaat using the support of placing hands on the knees; To sit on the left foot and raise the right, bending the toes towards the Qibla; Women to sit on their bottom with both feet pointing towards the right; To place the right hand on the right thigh and the left hand on the left thigh with the fingers left in their natural state; To raise the index finger in Tashahhud; To recite Durood Sharif and Dua-e-Maathurah after Tashahhud in Qaeda-e-Akhirah. Discourse on Qiraa’at 45
What is the ruling for a person who forgets to pray a Surah after Surah Fatiha and proceeds into Ruku? A J € he remembers in Ruku, then he should stand, recite a Surah, proceed to Ruku for the second time and perform Sajda-e-Shaw at the end. o What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah? A If he remembers in Ruku, then he should recite a Surah in the latter two Rakaat of a four Rakaat Fard Salaah and perform Sajda-e-Shaw. In Magrib, he should recite Surah in the third Rakaat; the Surah for one Rakaat will be left. He will also have to perform Sajda-e-Shaw at the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in any one of the two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah and remembers after Ruku?
A He should recite a Surah after Surah-e-Fatiha in the third or fourth Rakaat followed by Sajda-e-Sahw in the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah in a Sunnah or Nafl Salaah?
A He should perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who recited a Surah in the first Rakaat and accidentally started the same Surah in the second? A If he has commenced that Surah, then he should complete it and to do this deliberately is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. However, if one does not know any other Surah, then there is no harm in repeating the same Surah in the following Rakaat.
Q What is the ruling for a person who recites a Surah in the second Rakaat which comes before the Surah that is recited in the first Rakaat. For example, a person recited Surah Kaafiroon in the first and Surah Kauthar in the second? A It is Makrooh-e-Tehrimi to do this and is classed a sin. However, to do this unintentionally is neither a sin nor will Sajda-e-Sahw be necessary.
What is the ruling for a person who forgets to pray a Surah after Surah Fatiha and proceeds into Ruku? A J € he remembers in Ruku, then he should stand, recite a Surah, proceed to Ruku for the second time and perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end. o What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah?
A If he remembers in Ruku, then he should recite a Surah in the latter two Rakaat of a four Rakaat Fard Salaah and perform Sajda-e-Shaw. In Magrib, he should recite Surah in the third Rakaat; the Surah for one Rakaat will be left. He will also have to perform Sajda-e-Shaw at the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in any one of the two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah and remembers after Ruku?
A He should recite Surah after Surah-e-Fatiha in the third or fourth Rakaat followed by Sajda-e-Shaw in the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah in a Sunnah or Nafl Salaah?
A He should perform Sajda-e-Shaw at the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who recited a Surah in the first Rakaat and accidentally started the same Surah in the second?
A If he has commenced that Surah, then he should complete it and to do this deliberately is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. However, if one does not know any other Surah, then there is no harm in repeating the same Surah in the following Rakaat.
Q What is the ruling for a person who recites a Surah in the second Rakaat which comes before the Surah that is recited in the first Rakaat. For example, a person recited Surah Kaafiroon in the first and Surah Kauthar in the second?
A It is Makrooh-e-Tehrimi to do this and is classed a sin. However, to do this unintentionally is neither a sin nor will Sajda-e-Sahw be necessary.
people are equal in this, then the eldest person should lead the Salaah, then he who has the best character, then he who recites Tahajjud. Conclusively, if a few people are equal in all aspects, then the person who is most worthy in the eyes of Shariat has the foremost right. O For whom is it a sin to become an Imam? A An open sinner such as an alcoholic, gambler, adulterer, a person who deals in usury, a person who slanders, shaves or trims his beard so that it is less than a fist, a misguided person whose belief has not taken him out of the folds of Islam, It is a sin for all these people to become an Imam and to perform Salaah behind them is Makrooh-e-Tehrimi and thus Wajib to repeat.
Q What is the ruling for performing Salaah behind a Wahhaabi or a Deobandi?
A The beliefs of the Wahhaabi and Deobandi are Kufr as they believe in things such as the knowledge the Prophet possesses can also be found in children, the insane and animals. Similarly, their leader Ashraf Ali Thanwi states in his book Hifzul Iman, denying the Knowledge of the Unseen bestowed to our Beloved Prophet, “… what uniqueness has the Prophet got in this attribute, such knowledge is also possessed by Zaid, Amr, rather every child, madman, all the animals … “. (Allah Forbid!) Similarly, their leaders have written many corrupt and Kufr beliefs in their books and they believe it to be the truth. This is why it is a great sin and strictly forbidden to pray behind them. If a person unintentionally performs Salaah behind them, then it should be repeated and if not, then that person will be sinful.
Q For whom is it Makrooh to become the Imam?
A It is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi for an illiterate or blind person, an illegitimate child, an impotent person, a person suffering from leprosy, paralysis or skin disease, which is visible, to become the Imam. The disapproval is only when there is nobody else present who is more worthy to lead the Salaah. If these people 48
are the most worthy then there is no disapproval. The disapproval of the blind is the least in comparison to others. The actions that invalidate Salaah
Q What actions invalidate Salaah?
A- The following actions break the Salaah:
- To talk regardless of whether it is deliberate or unintentional or due to forgetfulness;
- To talk on one’s own accord or by force;
- To say Salaam to a person by the tongue regardless of whether it is deliberate or unintentional. Similarly, to reply to the Şalaam by the tongue also invalidates Salaah;
- Say ‘YarhamukAllah’ after a person sneezes, say ‘Alhamdulillah’ on hearing good news, to say ‘Subhaan Allah on hearing the blessing or to say’ Inna lillaahi wa in naa ilayhi Raaji’oon ‘on hearing bad news invalidates Salaah. However, if a person sneezes, then he should remain silent and if he himself says ‘Alhamdulillah’, then no harm shall be incurred in Salaah;
- To correct another person apart from the Imam;
- To accept a correction from another person apart from the Muqtadi; To give an incorrect rectification;
- To prolong the Aleef of ‘Allaahu Akbar saying’ Aallaahu Akbar or to say ‘Aakbar or Akbaar. In the same way, to recite the Ra of’Allaahu Akbar as daal invalidates Salaah;
- To recite ‘Nasta’een’ with an additional Aleef such that it becomes’ Nastaa’een ‘and similarly to recite the Taa of’ An’amta with a Zer or Pesh;
- To make a sound due to pain or to weep aloud such that letters can be audible. However, if these sounds are heard from an ill person which is out of his control, then Salaah will not be invalidated. Similarly, sounds heard whilst sneezing, coughing, yawning, and belching shall not affect the Salaah;
- If there was something in the mouth which was swallowed and it was less than a pea, then Salaah would become Makrooh. However, if it is larger than a pea, then Salaah will be invalidated;
- If a woman was performing Salaah and a child began suckling, then her Salaah would become invalid if the milk came out.
- Note: Walking across a person praying Salaah will not invalidate it regardless of whether the person crossing is a male or a female. However, to do this is a severe sin. It has been mentioned in the Hadith, that if a person knew the punishment for walking across a person performing Salaah, then he would prefer being buried in the ground than to cross him.
q-Will Salaah become invalid if the toe of the right foot moves away from its place?
A It shall not break and this is a misconception amongst the general public. The Makrooh Actions of Salaah Q What actions are Makrooh in Salaah?
A The following actions are Makrooh-e-Tehrimi in Salaah:
- To play with the clothes, body, or the beard;
- To straighten the clothing, for example, to lift the trousers or any part of one’s clothes from the front or the back when proceeding into Sajdah;
- To hang a piece of cloth around the head or the shoulders such that both the ends are hanging;
- Fold the sleeves more than half the forearm;
- To perform Salaah whilst in an extreme urge to relieve oneself or release wind;
- For males to tie a knot in the hair;
- To click the fingers;
- To interlock the fingers of both hands;
- Place your hands on your hips;
- To sit like a dog in between the two Sajdah or Qaeda: Men place their arms on the ground during Sajdah: To perform Salaah in front of a person;
- To wrap oneself in cloth such that the hands are concealed and cannot be taken out;
- To wear a turban so that the upper part of the head is exposed;
- To cover the mouth and nose;
- To cough without any reason;
- To deliberately yawn, though there is no harm if it occurs naturally;
- To perform Salaah wearing clothes with pictures of living objects;
- To perform Salaah in a place where there is a picture of a living object on the ceiling, whether it is suspended or not, or on the place of Sajdah, in front of the person praying Salaah, behind him, to the right to the left or behind him, if it is hanging, placed erect or engraved onto the wall;
- To recite the Qur’an in reverse order;
- To finish Qiraa’at in Ruku;
- To proceed into Ruku, Sajdah, etc, and to return from these positions before the Imam. Moving the head and looking around and towards the sky;
Discourse on the Witr Salaah
Q What is the method of performing Witr Salaah?
A Witr Salaah is performed in the same way as any other Salaah. However, in the third Rakaat after reciting Surah Fatiha and a Surah, one should raise his hands to his ears whilst saying Allaahu Akbar and again fold them underneath the navel. Then he should recite Dua-e-Qunoot and complete the Witr in the same manner as any other Salaah. The following is the Dua-e- Qunoot
“O Allah! We seek help from You and seek forgiveness from You. We bring faith upon You and we rely upon You. We praise You after every virtue and we are grateful to You, we are not ungrateful. We distance ourselves from those who commit sin. O Allah! Only You we worship and for You we pray Salaah, perform Sajdah and we are dependent on Your mercy. We are fearful of your punishment. Indeed, your punishment is for the disbelievers. ” Q What should a person recite if he does not know this Dua? A He should recite the following: “O Allah! My Master, give us virtue in this world and in the hereafter and save us from the fire of Hell.”
Q What is the ruling for a person who does not recite Dua-e-Qunoot?
A If a person does not recite it deliberately then he will have to repeat the Witr Salaah and if he misses it unintentionally then he will have to perform Sajda-e-Shaw at the end.
Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite Dua-e- Qunoot and he remembers whilst in the position of Ruku? A If he remembers in Ruku that he forgot to recite Dua-e-Qunoot, then he should not stand back up or recite it in the Ruku but perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end.
Discourse on Sunnah and Nafl Salaah
Q How many Salaah are classed as Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah?
A The following are Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah: The two Sunnah of Fajr; Four Rakaat before the Fard of Zohar and two Rakaat after: Two Rakaat after the Fard of Magrib; Two Rakaat after the Fard of Isha; Four Rakaat before the Fard of Jumu’ah and four after Rakaat. These Sunnahs are also known as Sunan-ul-Huda.
Q How many Salaah are classed as Sunnat-e-Gair Mu’akkadah?
A The following are Sunnat-e-Gair Mu’akkadah: The four Rakaat before the Fard of the Asr Salaah; The four Rakaat before the Fard of the Isha Salaah; To recite four Rakaat instead of two after the Fard of Zohar; To recite four Rakaat instead of two after the Fard of Isha; Six Rakaat after the Fard of Magrib (Salat-ul-Awwabeen); The two Rakaat of Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid; The two Rakaat of Tahiyyat-ul-Wudu; The two Rakaat of Ishraaq Prayer; A minimum of two Rakaat and maximum of twelve for the Chaasht Prayer; A minimum of two Rakaat and maximum of eight for the Tahajjud Prayer; Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh; The Salaah of Istikharah; The Salaah recited to fulfil desires.
These Sunnah are also known as Sunan-uz-Zawaa’id and sometimes known as Mustahab.
Q Is it permissible to begin a Sunnah has commenced? When the Jama’at
A Apart from the sunnah of Fajr Salaah, no other sunnah is allowed to be performed once the Jama’at has commenced. If one is certain that he will be able to participate with the Jamaa’at even in Qaeda-e-Akhirah for the Fajr Salaah, then he prays the Sunnah away from the rows of the should congregation.
Q When is it impermissible to perform Nafl Salaah?
A It is impermissible to perform any kind of Salaah during sunrise, sunset and midday. However, if a person has not performed the Asr Salaah of that day, then he is allowed to do so during sunset. From the break of dawn to sunrise, one is not allowed to recite any Nafl such as after entering the Masjid or performing Wudu apart from the two Sunnah of the Fajr Salaah. Between the Asr and Magrib Salaah, one is not allowed to pray any sort of Nafl Salaah.
Nafl Salaah is Makrooh during Khutbah and before Eid Salaah, regardless of whether they are performed at home, in Eid-Gah or the Masjid. Performing Nafl Salaah after Eid Salaah is also Makrooh on the condition that it is recited in Masjid or Eid-Gah as there is no harm in performing it at home.
Q Is a person allowed to recite Nafl Salaah in the sitting position?
A One is allowed to recite Nafl Salaah in the sitting position although it is more virtuous to stand up and recite it when one has the capability to do so.
Q How should a person perform Ruku and Sajdah when performing a Nafl Salaah in the sitting position?
A When performing Ruku, the forehead should be parallel to the front of the knees and the bottom should not be lifted as it is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi to do so. The Sajdah should be performed in the same way as one does when performing Salaah in the standing position.
It has been recorded in Sahih Muslim that the Beloved Prophet once said, “Whosoever performs Wudu, fulfilling all its rights and
Perform two Rakaat Nafl Salaahs, then Paradise shall become Waiih for him. “The Ishraaq Prayer It has been recorded in Jami ‘at-Tirmithi that the Beloved Prophet O once said,” Whosoever performs the Fajr Salaah with Jamaa’at and engages himself in worship until the sun rises, thereafter performs two Rakaat Nafl Salaah, then he shall get the reward of a complete Hajj and Umrah.
The Chaasht Prayer
This Salaah is Mustahab and it comprises of a minimum of two Rakaats and a maximum of twelve. It has been recorded in Tirmithi and Ibn-e-Majah that the Noble Prophet once said, “If a person makes it a habit to perform the two Rakaat Chaasht Salaah, then Allah will forgive all his sins even if they are equal to the foam that forms in the sea. ”
The Tahajjud Prayer
Tahajjud should be performed after the Isha Salaah on awakening and it ends at the break of dawn. It consists of a minimum of two Rakaats and a maximum of eight have been transmitted from the Holy Prophet.
Many benefits and rewards have been mentioned to Hadith regarding this Salaah. It has been recorded in Sunan an-Nasa’ee and the Sunan of Ibn-e-Majah that the Prophet & once said, “Whosoever wakes up during the night, awakens his family and both perform two Rakaat Tahajjud, then they shall be written amongst those who remember Allah in abundance “.
There are countless rewards in Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh. Some scholars have stated that only those who exhibit slackness in religion shall neglect it even after knowing its rewards.
It was mentioned in Hadith that the Prophet told Hazrat Abbas, “O uncle! If it is possible for you, then perform Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh everyday, if not then every Friday, if not then once every month. If this is not possible then once every year and even if this is difficult then once in your lifetime. ” The method of performing this Salaah is mentioned in the Sunan of Tirmithi on the authority of Hazrat Abdullah bin Mubarak 8.
After Takbeer-e-Tehrima, one should recite Thanaa and thereafter recite the following Tasbeeh fifteen times: “Glorified is Allah and all praise is for Allah. There is no God but Allah and Allah is the greatest. ” He should continue by reciting Ta’awwuz, Tasmiyyah, Surah Fatiha and a Surah followed by the aforementioned Tasbeeh ten times. He should then proceed into Ruku and recite the Tasbeeh ten times.
He should then return from Ruku and after ‘Allaahumma Rabbanaa wa lakal Hamd’, recite the Tasbeeh ten times. He should then proceed to Sajdah and recite this Tasbeeh ten times. After returning from Sajdah, he had to recite the Tasbeeh another ten times before proceeding into the second Sajdah. In the second Sajdah, the Tasbeeh will also be recited ten times. Rakat’s full four Rakaat should be completed in this manner. In Ruku and Sajdah, the Tasbeeh should be recited after ‘Subhaana Rabbiyal’ Ażeem and “Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa respectively.
The Salaah to fulfil desires It has been recorded in Sunan Abu Dawood that Hazrat Huthaife * narrates, “Whenever the Beloved Prophet encountered a problem, he would perform two or four Rakaat.” It has been mentioned in Hadith that after Surah Fatiha, Ayat-ul-Kursi should be recited three times in the first Rakaat, Surah Ikhlaas in the second, Surah Falaq in the third and Surah Naas in the fourth Rakaat only once.
Scholars have stated that we have recited this Salaah at times of need and our desires have been fulfilled.ild ids gnimmohsq lo boilfont Discourse on the Taraweeh Prayer to vtivorlus ods no ii
Q Is Taraweeh classed as Sunnah or Nafl?
A Taraweeh is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah for both males and females. One is not allowed to miss it.
Q How many Rakaat are there in Taraweeh?
A Taraweeh is composed of twenty Rakaat.
Q What is the wisdom behind the number of Rakaat in Taraweeh being twenty?
A The wisdom is that the Sunnah perfects the Fard and Wajib prayers. During the day, the Fard and Wajib Salaah amount to twenty Rakaat. Therefore, it is more appropriate that there are twenty Rakaat in Taraweeh so that the number of Sunnah and those which are perfected by these meaning the Fard and Wajib Rakaat are equal.
Q How should the twenty Rakaat of Taraweeh be performed?
A The twenty Rakaat should be performed in sets of two and to sit after every four Rakaat for a duration it takes to pray them Mustahab.
Q What kind of an intention should be made for Taraweeh?
A One should say, “I have made the intention to recite the Rakaat Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (The Muqtadi
should also include ‘behind this Imam’) for the sake of Allah. facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. o When sitting in the interval between the four Rakaat, should one remain silent or pray? A Itis his own choice whether to remain silent or pray any Dua. The following Dua is commonly recited:” Glorified is the Owner of the Kingdom of the earth and the heavens. Glorified is the possessor of honor, magnificence, awe, power, greatness and omnipotence. Glorified is the Sovereign, the Living. Who does not sleep or die. O the All Glorious and Holy One, our lord and the Lord of the Angels and the Spirit! ”
Q What is the ruling for performing Taraweeh with Jamaa’at?
A It is Sunnat-e-Kifayah to perform the Taraweeh with Jamaa’at , meaning that if the Jamaa’at in the Masjid has not taken place, then all shall be sinful. If someone has performed it in Masjid with Jamaa’at, then the liability is taken off the rest of the people.
Q What is the ruling for completing the Qur’an during Taraweeh?
A To complete the Qur’an once during the whole month of Ramadan in Taraweeh is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah and it is virtuous to finish it twice. To complete it three times holds a greater blessing on the condition that it is not overburdening the Muqtadi. However, this shall not be taken into consideration when completing the Qur’an only once.
Q What is the ruling to perform the Taraweeh in the sitting position without a valid reason ? even be accepted.
A It is Makrooh. According to some scholars, the Salaah will not Q What is the ruling for those people who do not participate at the beginning of the Rakaat but when the Imam proceeds into A It is not allowed. This should not be carried out as this action Ruku, they quickly join the congregation? has the signs of a hypocrite. Discourse on Qaza Salaah
Q What is Ada and Qaza? as Ada and to carry it out after the time elapses is known as A To carry out an act of worship in its prescribed time is known Qaza.
Q The Qaza of which Salaah is necessary?
A It is Fard to do the Qaza of Fard Salaah and Wajib to perform the Qaza of Witr Salaah. If a person misses the Sunnah of Fajr along with the Fard, then he should pray to all four Rakaats if they are performed before midday. If he performs the Qaza after midday, then the Sunnah should not be performed. If a person performed the Fard of Fajr and missed the Sunnah, then to perform them before twenty minutes after sunrise is a sin. If a person missed the Sunnah before the Fard of the Zohar or Jumu’ah Salaah and there is still time he should perform them. If the time elapses then he does not have to pray the Qaza of these Sunnah. It is better that these Sunnahs are performed after the Sunnah that are performed straight after the Fard Salaah.
Q When should the missed Salaah be performed?
A If a person has missed six or more Salaah, then there is a time in which he has to pray the Qaza, though ol should pray the Qaza as soon as possible. The obligation shall be lifted from him whenever he performs it. However, one should not perform Qaza during sunset, sunrise and midday .: 69
6 a person has missed five or less Salaah, when should he perform them? e person who has missed five or less Salaah is classed as a Sahib-e-Tarteeb. It is compulsory upon him to perform these missed Salaah first before he begins to recite his daily Salaah. It has performed the daily instead of the missed Salaah even if there was plenty of time, then his daily Salaah will not be Bahaar-e-Shariat accepted. information on this ruling. should be consulted more O If a person misses a Salaah for example Fajr, then how should he make the intention? A It is important to mention the time and day of the Qaza Salaah in the intention. For example, if a person missed the Fajr of a Friday then he should make the intention, “I have made the intention of two Rakaat Qaza Salaah of Fajr which I missed on O Friday, for the sake of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. One should use the same format to make the intention for other Salaah. Q How should a person make the intention if he is performing the Qaza of a Salaah missed a couple of months or years ago? A If for example, a person has missed the Zohar Salaah many years before, then he should say in his intention, “I have made the intention of four Rakaat Qaza Salaah of the first Zohar Salaah which remains due upon me, for the sake of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. If he was to perform the Qaza of the Magrib Salaah, then he should say in his intention, “I have made the intention of three Rakaat Qaza of the first Magrib Salaah which remains due upon me, for the sake of Allah, facing the Qibla , Allaahu Akbar “. One should use the same format to make the intention for other Salaah. llanotinaininru baeis e O Does a person have to recite a Surah in the Rakaat of Qaza Salaah? A Yes. As in any other Salaah, it is necessary to recite a Surah in those Rakaat in which it is normally recited and omit in those Rakaat where it is not recited. 09
Q Some people offer two Rakaat Salaah on Shab-e-Qadr or the last Jumu’ah of Ramadan with the intention and belief that they will compensate for all the Qaza Salaah missed in the What is the ruling regarding this? A This thought is incorrect. Until each individual Salaah is made up, the obligation shall still remain upon that person. past. not Q. Many people neglect to pray the Qaza they have missed in their youth and recite Nafl Salaah in abundance. What is the ruling regarding these people? A It is extremely important that these i Qaza Salaah instead of the Nafl Salaah. Thus, instead of Nafl Salaah, such people should perform the Qaza Salaah first. people quickly recite their dralae s tande owi to noiinstni gnbt lallA lo slaa dt yo) vabl Hicmof amol smor u bliada s Discourse on Sajda-e-Sahw Q What is Sajda-e-Sahw? A Sahw means mistake and if a person unintentionally makes a mistake in Salaah, then two Sajdah are performed in Qaeda-e- Akhirah to compensate for the deficiency incurred.
These two Sajdah are known as Sajda-e-Shaw.
Q What is the method of performing Sajda-e-Sahw?
A After reciting Tashahhud, one should make Salaam to the right only and immediately perform two Sajdah. Then, he should recite Tashahhud again followed by Durood etc and complete Salaah with Salaam.
Q When does Sajda-e-Sahw become Wajib?
A Sajda-e-Sahw becomes Wajib when any of the Wajib actions in Salaah are missed unintentionally. For example, to forget the recitation of Surah Fatiha or a Surah in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah or to recite a Surah before Surah Fatiha necessitates Sajda-e-Sahw. VIPP p lanron al Wirlwe Anibon ton a li ydyw from 61
O Does Sajda-e-Sahw become necessary on missing a Sunnah or a Fard action? Salaah becomes invalid after missing a Fard action and Sajda-e- Sahw shall not compensate for this mistake. Salaah will have to be repeated. To miss a Sunnah or a Mustahab action such as Ta’awwuz, Tasmiyyah, Thanaa, Ameen and the Takbeer when changing positions etc do not necessitate Sajda-e-Sahw although it is Mustahab to repeat the Salaah. Tali gnins o Will Sajda-e-Sahw compensate for a Wajib action missed deliberately? Odatlonol A Sajda-e-Sahw will not compensate for a Wajib action missed deliberately and to repeat such a Salaah is Wajib. Similarly, if a person missed a Wajib action unintentionally and forgot to perform Sajda-e-Sahw, then he will have to repeat the Salaah.
Q What is the ruling for missing many Wajib actions in Salaah? A The two Sajdah shall suffice.
Q What is the ruling for a person who recites Qur’an in the Ruku, Sajdah or Qaeda by mistake? A In such a case, Sajda-e-Sahw will become necessary. OMPRE
Q What is the ruling for a person who stood up for the third Rakaat in a Fard or Witr Salaah without performing the Qaeda and immediately remembered? A If he is not stood up straight, then he should sit back down for Qaeda and not perform Sajda-e-Shaw at the end. However, if he was close to standing, then he should stand and not return to the sitting position. He should then compensate for this mistake by performing Sajda-e-Shaw at the end. In the same way, if he returned after standing up, then he should perform Sajda-e-Shaw. O What is the ruling for a person who stands up instead of sitting down for Qaeda-e-Akhirah in a Fard Salaah? * As long as he has not performed the Sajdah of that additional Rakaat, then he should sit down, recite Tashahhud and 62
perform Sajda-e-Sahw. However, as soon as he performs the Sajdah, then that Fard Salaah shall become a Nafl and it is better, with the exception of Magrib, to add another Rakaat so that the Salaah is not left with an odd number of Rakaat.
Q What is the ruling for a person who did not perform the Qaeda of a Sunnah or Nafl Salaah but stood up by mistake?
A Every Qaeda of a Sunnah and Nafl Salaah is classed as Qaeda- e-Akhirah, meaning it is Fard to perform. If a person did not sit in Qaeda and stood up, then as long as he has not performed the Sajdah of the additional Rakaat, he should return and carry out Sajda-e-Sahw.
Q What is the ruling of a person who recites Tashahhud till “wa Rasooluh” in Qaeda-e-Akhirah and stands back up by mistake?
A If he stands after having sat the duration equivalent to reciting Tashahhud, then as long as he has not performed the Sajdah of the additional Rakaat, he should return to Qaeda and without reciting Tashahhud the second time, he should perform Sajda- e-Sahw and complete the Salaah.
Q What is the ruling of person who recites Durood by in Qaeda-e- Ula by mistake? A Sajda-e-Sahw shall be necessary if the person prays equal to or more than ‘Allaahumma salli alaa Muhammad’ or ‘Allaahumma salli alaa Sayyidinak. If he recited less than this, then Sajda-e- Sahw shall not become necessary. However, this ruling only applies to the Fard, Witr and first four Sunnah of Zohar and Jumu’ah. For the remainder of the Sunnah and Nafl Salaah, one should recite Durood in the Qaeda-e-Ula as well.
Q What is the ruling if one recites quietly in a Jahri Salaah or loudly in a Sirri Salaah by mistake?
A Sajda-e-Sahw will become Wajib if the Imam recites at least one quietly in a Jahri Salaah or quietly in a Sirri Salaah. No harm shall be incurred if only one word was recited. If a te Munfarid recited even one verse aloud in a Sirri Salaah, then verse t sluorle d nad 63
quietly in a Jahri Salaah. Sajda-e-Sahw will become necessary, as opposed to praying O What is the ruling for a person who pauses during Qiraa’at or another position in Salaah and begins to think? A If a person pauses for the duration it takes one to say Subhaan Allah ‘three times, then Sajda-e-Sahw shall become necessary on him. o What is the ruling for a person upon whom Sajda-e-Sahw was necessary but he forgot the mistake he had made in Salaah and thus performed Salaam with the intention of completing sol Salaah?
A If in such a case a person did not remember his mistake and thus performed Salaam to exit Salaah, then he is still in the state of Salaah. Therefore, if he has not talked or committed an action which invalidates Salaah, then he should perform Sajda-e-Sahw, recite Tashahhud for the second time and complete the Salaah.
Q What is the ruling for a person who performed Sajda-e-Sahw even though it was not necessary upon him?
A If a person praying on his own performed Sajda-e-Sahw although it was not necessary upon him, then his Salaah will be valid. If the Imam did this, then his Salaah and the Salaah of the Muqtadi shall be valid except for those who came late and joined after the initial Salam was made. bntisacst art o 1og Discourse on the Salaah of an Ill Person
Q What is the ruling for a person who cannot stand and perform Salaah due to an illness?
A It is allowed to perform Salaah in the sitting position if by standing up: The illness will become worse or it will delay the healing process; Dizziness is encountered;
Drops of urine are released; Extreme pain is experienced which he cannot tolerate, What is the ruling for a person who can stand by taking the support from an object?
A his Fard to stand if a person can do so by the support of a helpon, stick or wall etc Salaah will not be valid if it is performed whilst seated in this case OWhat is the ruling for a person who can stand only for a short period of time? Atfaperson can stand for a short while, even for the time it takes him to say Alaahw Akder ‘, then it is Fard upon him to stand for that perioxt, otherwise, Salaah will not be accepted.
Q What is the ruling for a person who cannot perform Ruku or Satah due to an illness?
A n such a case the Ruku and Sajdah should be performed by gesturing. The action against Sajdah should involve more bowing than Ruku.
Q What is the ruling for a person who cannot perform Salaah even sitting down?
A In such a case he should perform Salaah lying down, facing his feet towards the Qibla without spreading them and keeping the bknees raised.
A pillow should be placed underneath the head to raise it and the Ruku and Sajdah should be performed by gesturing. This method is more preferred. Alternatively, one is allowed to turn to the right or the left side, keeping the face towards the Qibla.
Q What is the ruling for a person who cannot perform Salaah even by gesturing by the head?
A The obligation of Salaah is lifted for such a person and if this condition remains for six Salaah, then the Qaza for these Salaah is also forgiven.
Discourse on Sajda-e-Tilaawat
Q What is Sajda-e-Tilaawat?
A There are fourteen places in the Qur’an which necessitate a Sajdah after reciting or listening to them. This is known as Sajda-e-Tilaawat.
Q-What is the method of performing Sajda-e-Tilaawat?
A The Sunnah method is to stand and proceed to Sajdah saying solAllaahu Akbar followed by reciting ‘Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa’ a minimum of three times. Thereafter, one should return to the standing position saying ‘Allaahu Akbar. Sajda-e-Tilaawat does not require lifting the hands, praying Tashahhud nor completing with Salaam.
Q Will the Sajdah be valid if it is performed in the sitting position?
A It shall be accepted but the Sunnah way is to stand before and after the Sajdah.
Q What are the conditions for Sajda-e-Tilaawat?
A Apart from Takbeer-e-Tehrima, all those conditions which are required for Salaah such as cleanliness, Satr-e-Aurat, facing the Qibla etc are also necessary for Sajda-e-Tilaawat.
Q How should a person make the intention for Sajda-e-Tilaawat?
A He should say, ‘I have made the intention of Sajda-e-Tilaawat for the sake of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar’.
Q Will Sajda-e-Tilaawat become necessary on reciting the Urdu translation of the verse of Sajdah?
A Sajda-e-Tilaawat becomes necessary when reading or listening to the translation of the verse of Sajdah in any language, not just Urdu.
O Is it necessary to perform Sajdah immediately after reciting a verse of Sajdah?
A If a verse of Sajdah was recited outside of Salaah, then it is not necessary to perform it immediately after, although to delay it is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi if a person is already in the state of Wudu. Q What is the ruling if the verse of Sajdah is performed in Salaah?
A If the verse of Sajdah was recited in Salaah, then it becomes necessary to perform the Sajdah immediately. One would be sinful if he delays for more than three additional verses.
However, if a person proceeds into Ruku and Sajdah within the recitation of three additional verses, then this will suffice for Sajda-e-Tilaawat although he may have not made the intention for it.
Q If a person repeated a verse of Sajdah many times in one sitting, then shall one Sajdah be necessary upon him or many? A To listen or pray the same verse of Sajdah multiple times in one sitting only necessitates one Sajdah.
Q If a person recited or listened to a verse and performed the Sajdah, thereafter recited or heard the same verse in the same sitting, then will another Sajdah become necessary?
A A second Sajdah will not become necessary but the first shall suffice.
Q What are the conditions that determine whether or not a sitting has changed?
A The sitting shall not be changed in the following cases:
- To eat one or two morsels of food;
- To take one or two sips of a drink;
- To stand;
- To walk one or two steps; morda wolt D To reply to a greeting;
- To say a few words;
- To walk from one corner of the Masjid or house to another. or to nbirdlene However, if a building is large, like a palace, then to walk across it shall change the sitting. Similarly, to eat, drink, walk
And talking three times, to perform Nikah or to trade also changes the sitting:
Discourse on the Salaah of a Musafir
Q -Who is Musafir? *
In the light of Shariat, a Musafir is a person who leaves his town having the intention to travel for three days.
Q- How many miles is the distance of three days equal to?
A On dry land, traveling for three days is equal to 57.4 miles (92 kilometers).
Q- If a person covers the distance of three days in a car, train or an airplane in a short period of time, then is he classed as a Musafir?
A He shall still become a Musafir, regardless of how quickly he reaches his destination.
Q Will a person be classed as a Musafir who makes the intention to travel for three days and also intends to stopover for a day during the journey?
A If he is certain that he shall stopover temporarily during the three-day journey, then he shall be classed as a Musafir. no However, if he makes the intention to travel to a place at a distance of two days and from thereon, he wishes to travel to another place at a distance of a day, then he shall not be classed as a Musafir.
Q What is the ruling regarding the Salaah of a Musafir?
is necessary for a Musafir to perform Qasr, meaning to Lit shorten the four Fard Rakaat of Zohar, Asr and Isha Salaah to two and these two will act as the complete Salaah.
Q What is the ruling for a Musafir who performs four Rakaat deliberately?
A If a person performs four Rakaat sitting in both the Qaeda, then his Fard has been accepted and the latter two shall be classed as Nafl. However, he shall be sinful and liable for punishment in the Hereafter. He should repent and if he did not perform the Qaeda after the first two Rakaat, then the Fard Salaah has not completed.
Q Will a person perform Qasr in Fajr, Magrib and the Witr Salaah?
A No, there is no Qasr in Fajr, Magrib and Witr Salaah. aveb sndi o oiho alalim v
Q Will a person perform Qasr in the Sunnah Salaah?
A There is no Qasr in the Sunnah Salaah. They should be performed if time is available and if not, then they can be missed.
Q When should a Musafir begin to perform Qasr?
A A Musafir shall begin to perform Qasr as soon as he leaves the outskirts of his town.
Q Will he perform Qasr on the bus or railway station?
A If these stations are found on the outskirts of the town and the person traveling has also intended to travel for three days, then he should perform Qasr, otherwise not.
Q If a person intends to travel for two or two and half days, upon reaching his destination, he intends to travel again for less than three days, then will he be regarded as a Musafir in accordance with Shariat?
A That person will not be classed as a Musafir in the eyes of Shariat until he does not make the intention to travel consecutively for three days. Therefore, even if a person travels the entire world intending to travel for less than three days and rest and continue like this, then he will still not be classed as a Musafir.
Q When does a Musafir stop performing Qasr?
A When a Musafir intends to stay in a place for more than fifteen days or returns back to his hometown, then he will stop praying Qasr.
What is the ruling for a Musafir who performs Salaah behind a Muqeem (Settler)? A He should perform the full Salaah.
What is the ruling for a Muqeem who performs Salaah behind a Musafir? A If a Muqeem performs Salaah behind a Musafir, then after Salaam, the Muqtadi should stand and complete the final two. He should not recite anything but stand for the duration it takes one to recite Surah Fatiha and complete the remainder of the Salaah in the normal manner.
If a Musafir Imam performs the full four Rakaat by mistake, then is the Salaah of the Muqtadi accepted or not?
A The Salaah of the Muqtadi will not be valid. Discourse on the Jumu’ah Salaah Q Is the Jumu’ah Salaah Fard or Wajib? on ai orio ina ne A Jumu’ah Salaah is Fard and its obligation is more emphasized than the Zohar Salaah.
How many conditions are there which obligate Jumu’ah Salaah?
A There are eleven conditions.
- To be a Muqeem in a town;
- to be liberated in a town, hence Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard on a Musafir or a servant;
- To be healthy. Hence, Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard upon an lo such an ill person who cannot go the Masjid;
- be a male. Hence, Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard upon women;
- insane person;
- To be mature. Hence Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard on
- To have eyesight. Hence, Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard
- To be sane. Hence, Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard upon an immature children; a blind person; uodn not Fard upon a crippled person who does not have the capability to go to the Masjid;
- Not to be imprisoned. However, if a person was imprisoned due to not repaying a debt and he has the capability to perform it, then it is Fard upon him to do so:
- To have the capability to walk. Hence, Jumu’ah Salaah is
- Not to be fearful of an oppressor or a thief;
- There should not be severe rainfall fall or a storm through which devastation may occur.
Q Will the Jumu’ah Salaah be accepted for those people upon whom Jumu’ah Salaah is not Fard but they still perform it?
A It will be accepted and the obligation of Zohar will be fulfilled.
Q How many conditions are there for Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted?
A There are six conditions for the Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted and even if one is not met, then it shall not be accepted.
Q What is the first condition for the Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted?
A The first condition is that it should be performed in a city or on the outskirts.
Q What is classed as a city and its outskirts? and it is regarded as a district, such that areas outside the city and in comparison are towns and villages. Services such as the tram station and the graveyard are regarded as the outskirts or a city.
A A city is a place in which there are many streets and markets. Are you allowed to perform Jumu’ah Salaah in a village?
A No. It is not allowed to perform in the village. However, if it has already been established, then it should not cease since this would confuse and deprive the general public of Allah’s worship. an obligation for Zohar to be fulfilled?
A No. The obligation of Zohar is not fulfilled by performing the
Q If the Jumu’ah Salaah is recited in a village, then will the Jumu’ah Salaah in a village. O In a village, some perform Zohar as a precaution after the Jumu’ah Salaah. Is this allowed?
A No. They should pray for the four Fard of the Zohar Salaah instead and if they do not, they will be sinful. ri of o What is the second condition for Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted?
A The second condition is that a king or his equivalent establishes the Jumu’ah Salaah. If the land is not governed by an Islamic ruler, then the highest Sunni scholar with the correct beliefs should establish it as without his permission it cannot be recited. If this is not possible, then whoever is appointed by the general public shall be sufficient.
Q What is the third condition for the Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted?
A The third condition is that the time for the Zolhar Salaah should be present. Hence, the Jumu’ah Salaah will not be accepted if it is performed before or after the time of the Zohar Salaah, or whilst performing it, the time of the Asr Salaah commences, then the Qaza of Zohar should be performed instead.
What is the fourth condition for the Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted?
The fourth condition is that Khutbah should be delivered before Jumu’ah Salaah.
Q How many actions is Sunnah doing in Khutbah?
A There are nineteen actions by Sunnah in Khutbah.
- Khateeb (person delivering Khutbah) should be di vclean;
- To deliver it in a standing position;
- Khateeb should sit down before delivering it;
- Khateeb should be in Mimbar;
- Khateeb should face the listeners;
- Khateeb should have his back towards Qibla;
- The listeners should be focused towards Khateeb;
- Khateeb should recite Ta’awwuz before Khutbah;
- To recite the Khutbah in a manner such that the listeners’ 6 can hear;
- To begin with the word ‘Alhamdulillah’;
- To praise Allah Ta’ala;
- To testify to the oneness of Allah and the Prophethood of the Beloved Prophet;
- To send Durood upon the Noble Prophet;
- To recite a minimum of one verse of the Qur’an;
- To deliver words of admonishment in the first Khutbah;
- To praise and glorify Allah, testify and repeat Durood in the second Khutbah; lda
- To make Dua for all the Muslims; aresilug Iguo di
- Both the Khutbah should be of an appropriate length;
- Sit between both Khutbahs for the duration of three verses.
Q What is the ruling for reciting the Khutbah in Urdu?
A To deliver Khutbah in another language or to include another language together with Arabic is going against the transmitted Sunnah and is hence Makrooh.
Q Is it Sunnah to deliver the Athaan for the Khutbah in front of the Imam or outside the Masjid?
A It is Sunnah to deliver the Athaan for the Khutbah in front of the Imam and at the same time, outside the Masjid as at the time of the Prophet, the Athaan used to be delivered at the entrance to the Masjid which was in front of the Khateeb, as
cited in a Hadith recording in Abu Dawood. Hazrat Sa’ib bin Yazeed narrates, “Whenever the Prophet would sit on the Mimbar during the day of Jumu’ah, the Athaan would be delivered in front of him on the entrance to the Masjid. The same used to happen during the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr m and Hazrat Umar e This is the reason why the authors of Fatawa Qazi Khan, Fatawa Alamgiri, Bahrur-Ra’iq and Fathul Qadeer etc have issued the ruling that it is not allowed to deliver the Athaan inside the Masjid and the author of at-Tahtawi Alaa Maraaqil Falaah has deemed it Makrooh.
What is the fifth and sixth condition for the Jumu’ah Salaah to be accepted?
A The fifth condition is that a Jamaa’at should be present; meaning a minimum of three men should be present excluding the Imam. The sixth condition is Izn-e-Aam, meaning that the doors of the Masjid should be opened for all Muslims who wish to come inside and pray. There should be nothing to prevent them from coming and performing Salaah with Jamaa’at. The First Khutbah for Jumu’ah Salaah
hub omit onnl to pc Discourse on the Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa Salaah. ontem laiton odf ni O Is the Salaah for Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa classed as Wajib or Sunnah? Coubjenou A The Salaah for Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa is Wajib but only when the same conditions are met which apply for the Jumu’ah Salaah. The only difference is that the Khutbah of Jumu’ah is a condition and here it is Sunnah. The second difference is that the Khutbah of Jumu’ah Salaah is delivered before the Salaah whereas for Eid, it is delivered after. Lastly, the third difference is that the Athaan and the Iqaamat are not given before the Eid Salaah but ‘Assalaatu Jaami’ah’ can be proclaimed twice. 2 What is the time period for the Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa Salaah? 76
A The time period for Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa Salaah begins after the sun has fully risen and ends before midday.
Q What is the method for performing the Eid Salaah? A Firstly, the following Intention should be made, “I have made the intention to recite two Rakaat Salaah Wajib for Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ul-Adhaa with six Takbeer for the sake of Allah (Muqtadi should also say ‘behind this Imam ‘) facing the Qibla Allahu Akbar “, One should then raise the hands until the ears and saying’ Allahu Akbar, fold them. He should then recite Thanaa and when the Imam recites’ Allahu Akbar, one should repeat this whilst raising the hands to the ears and releasing them to the sides. For the second time when the Imam recites “Allahu Akbar, he should again do the same. For the third time when the Imam recites’ Allahu Akbar, he should raise his hands to the ears and fold them. Thereafter, the Imam shall recite the Ta’awwuz and Tasmiyyah quietly followed by Surah Fatiha and a Surah aloud. Ruku and Sajdah shall be performed and the second Rakaat shall be commenced with the recitation of Surah Fatiha and a Surah. The Imam shall then say the Takbeer three times, during which the hands should be raised and released to the side. On the fourth Takbeer, everyone should proceed into Ruku without raising the hands and the Salaah should be completed in the normal manner. After Salaam, the Imam should deliver both Khutbah and make Dua upon completion The First Khutbah for the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah LL
Q What actions are Mustahab to be performed on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr? A The following actions are Mustahab to carry out on Eid-ul-Fitr: To shave the hair; To trim the nails; To perform Ghusl; To use Miswaak; To wear nice clothes; To apply fragrance; To perform the Morning Salaah in the local Masjid; To travel to the Eid-Gah early morning; To offer the Sadqa-e-Fitr before the Salaah; To walk to the Eid-Gah; To return home using a different route; To eat an odd number of dates before going for Eid Salaah and in the absence of dates, to eat any sweet food; To express joy and happiness; To congratulate one another; To give money to charity; To travel to the Eid-Gah with dignity and peace, keeping the sight lowered. Q Are the rulings for Eid-ul-Adhaa the same as Eid-ul-Fitr or do they differ? A The rulings for Eid-ul-Adhaa are the same as Eid-ul-Fitr apart from a few differences which are as follows: It is Mustahab not to eat anything before the Eid-ul-Adhaa Salaah even though one is not intending to perform Qurbani. If something was eaten, then there is no harm; One the day of Eid-ul-Adha one should go to the Eid-gah reciting the Takbeer in a raised voice; If one is to perform Qurbani, then it is Mustahab that he does not shave or trim his hair and nails for the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah; 83
To recite the Takbeer aloud once after the Fard Jamaa’at of every Salaah starting from the Fajr of the 9th Dhul-Hijjah to the Asr of the 13th is Wajib and to repeat it three time: is more virtuous. This Takbeer is known as Takbeer-e- Tashreeq which is as follows: “Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest and there is no God except Allah. Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest and all praise is for Allah. Discourse on Qurbani (Sacrificing) Q Upon whom is the Qurbani Wajib? A Qurbani is Wajib upon every Malik-e-Nisaab. Q Who is a Malik-e-Nisaab? sdda lol s AA Malik-e-Nisaab is that individual who has in his possession wealth of more than 52.5 Tola ‘silver or 7.5 Tola gold, whether his wealth comprises of trade goods or personal goods and whether he has enough money which is equivalent to the above amount, excluding wealth or money which is required for basic living costs . Q Does a Malik-e-Nisaab have to perform the Qurbani once during his lifetime or every year? A If he is a Malik-e-Nisaab every year, then it is Wajib upon him to perform the Qurbani every year. If he wishes to perform the Qurbani on behalf of another person as well as his own self, then he has to arrang e for another Qurbani for the other person. Q What is the method of performing the Qurbani? One Tola is equal to 11.67 grams. 1 gram of silver and gold is approximately 32p and £ 20 respectively. 84
A The animal should be laid on its left side such that the face is towards the Qibla, The person intending to sacrifice the animal should hold á shárp knife and place the right foot on its side reciting the following:
“I have turned my face towards Him Who has created the heavens and the earth, belonging to Him only and I am not of the polytheists. Indeed my Salaah, sacrifice, and my living and dying is all for Allah, Who is the Lord of the worlds and has no partner. I have been ordered for this and Lam amongst the Muslims. O Allah this sacrifice is due to You and it is for You. Allah in the name of, Allah is the Greatest. ”
He should slaughter the animal and thereafter recite the following: “O Allah! Accept this sacrifice of mine in the same way You accepted the sacrifices of Your friend Ibrahim and Your beloved Muhammad & If a person wishes to perform the Qurbani on behalf of another person then he should recite ‘Min …’ and the name of the person instead of ‘Minni. Q What is the ruling for a person who is Malik-e-Nisaab but did not perform the Qurbani for some reason and the days of performing the Qurbani passed? 85
It is Wajib upon him to donate money in charity equivalent in value to the price of a goat. O Is one allowed to use the skin of a slaughtered animal? * A person is allowed to use the skin of a slaughtered animal to make, for example, a prayer mat or a water bag etc. However, it is better that he donates it to the Masjid, a Madrasah or gives it to a poor person. O Is a person allowed to donate the skin from a slaughtered animal to the Masjid? A Yes, it is allowed. It is also allowed to donate the money attained by selling the skin. However, if one made the intention to sell the skin for his own gain, then he is not allowed to donate that money to the Masjid. Discourse on Aqeeqah Q What is Aqeeqah? A An animal which is sacrificed on expressing gratitude and thanks upon the birth of a child is known as Aqeeqah. Q Which animals are allowed to be sacrificed for the Aqeeqah? A The animals which are allowed to be sacrificed for the Qurbani are also allowed to be sacrificed for the Aqeeqah. Q Should different animals be sacrificed depending on whether a boy or a girl is born? w h e alne A It is better to sacrifice two male goats for a boy and a female t goat for a girl. If female goats are sacrificed for a boy and a male goat for a girl, then there is no harm. If one has limited wealth, then he is allowed to sacrifice just one goat for the boy. If a large animal is sacrificed, then it is sufficient to assign two parts of it for a boy and one for a girl. wollat f A 98
Q Some people have the belief that the parents and the grandparents of the child cannot eat the meat of the sacrificed animal, Is this true? A This is incorrect. Everyone is allowed to eat this meat. o Y y beo Q What is the Dua recited for the Aqeeqah of a boy? A The following Dua should be recited: nob ed lied al g.10 DRamc on ydoedup (Instead of ‘Fulaan’, the name of the child should be mentioned and if the Aqeeqah is for somebody else’s child, then the name brs of the child and the father should be recited instead of ‘Ibnee orol fulaan’) upobou S “O Allah! This Aqeeqah is of my son (mention name here). This meat Ined is instead of his meat, this blood is instead of his blood and these bones are instead of his bones. Oh Allah. May this sacrifice be a means of his liberation from the fire of hell and accept this from him in the same 1 way you accepted the sacrifice of Your beloved Prophet Mohammed Indeed my Salaah, worship and my living and dying is all for Allah, sla who is the Lord of the worlds and has no partner. I have been ordered for this and I am amongst the Muslims. O Allah this sacrifice is due to beim You and it is for You. Allah in the name of, Allah is the Greatest. ” wod orlt tol isoy ono io soilina of bawolls el ad rat lslsow Q What is the Dua recited for the Aqeeqah of a girl? el 1 A The following Dua should be recited: dinllo ig 87
(Instead of ‘Fulaanatin’, the name of the child should be mentioned and the Aqeeqah is for somebody else’s child, then the name of the child and the father should be recited instead of ‘Bintee fulaanatin’) no A blAT uol odi diwdoele be O Allah! This Ageeqah is of my daughter Fulaan. This meat is abravinstead of her meat, this blood is instead of her blood and these bones bon are instead of her bones. Oh Allah. May this sacrifice be a means of her inviliberation from the fire of hell and accept this from her in the same way you accepted the sacrifice of Your beloved Prophet Mohammed. Indeed my Salaah, worship and my living and dying is all for Allah, who is the Lord of the worlds and has no partner. I have been ordered for this and I am amongst the Muslims. O Allah this sacrifice is due to You and it is for You. Allah in the name of, Allah is the Greatest. “Q Will the Aqeeqah be valid if this Dua is not recited? A If this Dua was not recited but the animal was slaughtered with the intention of Aqeeqah and the recitation of ‘Bismillaahi Allaahu Akbar , then it will be still valid. ing e Mont L k puga o Discourse on Janazah Salaah (Funeral Prayer) alinad odi glaley oii Q Is the Janazah Salaah Fard or Wajib? A The Janazah Salaah is Fard-e-Kifayah, meaning that even if one person performed it then the obligation shall be lifted from 88
everyone else. However, if no one performed it even after being made aware then all shall be sinful. Q How many actions are Fard in the Janazah Salaah? A There are two Fard actions. 1. To say Allahu Akbar four times; 2. Qayaam, meaning to stand. Q How many actions are Sunnah in the Janazah Salaah? A There are three actions that are Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah. 1. To praise Allah Ta’ala; 2. To send Durood upon the Prophet; 3. To pray for the deceased.
Q What is the method of performing the Janazah Salaah?
A Firstly, one should make the intention, “I have made the intention to perform the Janazah Salaah with the four Takbeer for the sake of Allah and supplication for the deceased (the ot Muqtadi should also say ‘behind this Imam’) facing towards 19Qibla “. He should raise the hands saying ‘Allaahu Akbar and fold them below the navel. Then he should recite the following Thanaa:. Glory be to you O Allah and all praise. Blessed is Your Name and exalted is Your Majesty. Exalted is Your praise and there is none worthy of worship except You. “Next without raising hands, one should say ‘Allaahu Akbar and recite Durood-e-Ibrahim which is usually prayed in the five daily Salaah. Without raising the hands, he should then say “Allaahu Akbar and recite the following if the deceased was mature: bet be 68
[6:23 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: “O Allah! Forgive the living and the dead, the present and the absent. Keep alive, guide them to live according to the teachings of Islam and zohoever You cause to die, let them die in the state of Imaan” hOX 13nao4M iYVIIV O ‘uvutom puv uvu huana’ pjo puv Sunoh ayi “Allaahu Akbar without raising the hands Next, one should say and perform Salaam in both directions, releasing the hands at the same time. If the deceased was a young boy, then the following Dua should be recited: “O Allah! Let him forerun us to make arrangement for us in the Hereafter and make him an intercessor and the one whose intercession Aguons ills is sure to be accepted. “O1 If the deceased was a young girl, then the following Dua should be recited: D” O Allah! Let her forerun us to make arrangement for us in the to Hereafter and make her an intercessor and the one whose intercession of bawolis ols el ti dea is sure to be accepted. “O What is the ruling to perform the Janazah Salaah after the Fajr or Asr Salaah? A It is allowed. It is a general misconception amongst the common public who believe it is not allowed. O Is it Makrooh to perform the Janazah Salaah during sunrise, sunset and midday? Booges 06
A If the funeral was brought at these times, then it should be performed immediately and there is no harm. It is Makrooh only when the funeral was present and the Salaah was delayed to such an extent that the Makrooh time commenced.
Discourse on Zakah (Alms-giving)
Q Is Zakaah Fard or Wajib?
A Zakaah is Fard. The person who denies its obligation is a Kaafir, the’one who misses it is a transgressor and the one who delays it is a sinner and his testimony is not valid. nlwallu
Q What are the conditions of Zakaah becoming Fard upon a person?
A There are a few conditions: The person must be Muslim; To be sane; To be mature; To be a complete possessor of wealth enough for one to be classed as a Malik-e-Nisab; The wealth must exclude basic living expenses and debts; The wealth must comprise of trade goods, silver or gold; A full year to have passed upon the wealth.
Q What quantity of gold and silver is required to become a Malik- e-Nisaab and how much Zakaah is payable from these two items? mt A The quantity for gold is 7.5 Tola and 52.5 Tola for silver, of which 2.5% is Fard to be given as Zakaah. It is also allowed to convert the amount of gold or silver into the equivalent value in money and offer this money as Zakaah. oi el iW O Q Is Zakaah Wajib on jewelery made of gold and silver? A Yes. Zakaah is Wajib on jewelry made of gold and silver. Q What is the Nisab threshold (minimum amount) for trade 2spoo8
The trade goods must be valued and If they amount to more than the Nisab threshold for gold or silver, then Zakaah must
O How much money should one possess in order for Zakaah to become Wajib? Alf a person does not have gold or silver nor any trade goods but has enough money to the required amount of gold or silver which equals the Nisab threshold, then it is Wajib to give Zakaah on that money,
Is Zakaah Fard upon a person who possesses gold or silver but is less than the required amount for the Nisab threshold, or a uosen who does not have any trade goods or money? on A Zakaah wvill only become Fard if he was to convert the silver into gold or gold to silver and it meets the required amount, otherwise not.
Q What is meant by basic living expenses?
A Basic living expenses are those items which are essential for a person to survive such as clothing in warm / cold seasons, food, work tools, house utensils, transportation etc. Zakaah is not air Wajib upon these.
Q What is meant by the wealth being free from debts? A This means that the Malik-e-Nisaab must not owe any money to creditors. If he was to pay off his debts reducing his wealth to such a degree that he does not remain a Malik-e-Nisaab, then Zakaah wi not be Wajib upon him.
Q What is meant by possessing the wealth for a whole year? A This means that when the wealth meets the required amount after taking out basic living costs, then the year has commenced on that particular day. On reaching the same day the following year, if he has enough wealth which meets the requirement for Zakaah, then he shall pay Zakaah. If, during the year there was a reduction in wealth, then this shall not be taken into account.
Discourse on Ushr (One-tenth)
unt ita Q Upon which harvest is Ushr Wajib?
A Ushr is Wajib upon wheat, barley, corn, millet, rice, all types of grain and linseed, safflower, almonds, all types of fruit, cotton, flowers, sugarcanes, watermelons and melons, cucumbers, aubergines and all types of vegetables. This ruling applies regardless of the output. n itt o vonotn dguono ad Q In what instances does giving a tenth or a twentieth become Wajib? A A tenth is payable upon all those things that grow due to rain or the nutrients found in the ground.
A twentieth is payable upon crops which are irrigated using machinery or are manually watered. bn anood ylno livw das ba vle of blog ve blog oini
Q Is the tenth or the twentieth payable after taking out the expenses of the machinery or wages given to workers from the harvest? A No. In fact, the tenth or the twentieth is Wajib upon the full besou jo erRA EN Q Some of the harvest is given to the government as tax. Will this be deducted from the Ushr which is to be given upon the entire harvest? t mol l anle A It shall not be deducted. fruom al terWO Q Upon whom shall Ushr be Wajib if the land is owned in partnership? A Ushr shall be Wajib for both individuals. otw Sodi ensom sidT A Who should the Zakaah be given to? viland juo gal islotle O Who is entitled to the wealth of Zakaah and Ushr? A They are the following: ile fr tin A poor person (Faqeer), meaning he who has some wealth but not enough to become a Malik-e-Nisaab; 93
A destitute (Miskeen), meaning he who does not even have food to eat nor clothes to wear; i A person who is in a debt and he has not got enough wealth equal to the required amount to pay off these debts; A Musafir whose wealth runs out whilst traveling. It is allowed to give only that amount of Zakaah which shall suffice for his return journey. o Who is not entitled to the wealth of Zakaah?
A The following are not entitled: A person who is a Malik-e-Nisaab; People from the tribe of Banu Hashim which includes the descendants of Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Ja’far, Hazrat Aqeel, Hazrat Abbas and Harith bin Abdul Muttalib, It is not permissible to give Zakaah to these people; Direct family which includes one’s mother, father, grandparents, children, grandchildren etc; A woman is not allowed to give Zakaah to her husband and a man is not allowed to give it to his wife even if a divorce has been given and the woman is completing her Iddat (waiting period); The children of a wealthy person who have reached the age of puberty. Similarly, the children of a wealthy person who have reached the age of puberty but are not Malik-e- Nisaab; Wahhaabi, any other corrupt sects and a Kaafir.
Q Is it allowed to give the wealth of Zakaah to a Sayyid? A It is not allowed to give the wealth of Zakaah to a Sayyid as they are from the family of Banu Hashim.
QIs it allowed to give the money from Zakaah to the Masjid? A It is not allowed to donate the money from Zakaah to the Masjid, for the construction of a Madrasah, to shroud the deceased or to dig a well etc. If a person donates this money for the above reasons then the Zakaah shall not be fulfilled.
and Ifa person has a debtor who is poor, then will the Zakaah be accepted if the debt is forgiven? tob son tes ol boot A Zakaah will not be fulfilled by forgiving the debt. However, if the money from Zakaah is given to the poor and the poor returns it to pay back the debt, then it will be accepted. Q Some people regard themselves as’ inherently poor (they presume themselves to be poor from their family generations), is the wealth of Zakaah or Ushr allowed to be given to such people? A If they are Malik-e-Nisaab, then one is not allowed to given them the wealth of Zakaah of Ushr. molaln Q Who is more virtuous to be given Zakaah? It is most virtuous to give Zakaah and Sadqah to one’s brothers, sisters, then their children, one’s uncles, aunties, then their children, then his other relatives, then one’s neighbors, brthen his work colleagues and then the people of his village. It is also a merit to give money to a student who is learning the knowledge of the religion with the condition that these people are not Malik-e-Nisaab. nitiew) Inbbl h boibr val da
Discourse on Sadaqa-e-Fitr
Q Who is Sadaqa-e-Fitr Wajib upon? ito videlrtaW A It is Wajib upon each and every Malik-e-Nisaab to give Sadaqah on his behalf and on the behalf of his children on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr. lewtwIR of bawolls Jon el ii A Q What is the amount given as Sadaqa-e-Fitr? A The amount is half a Saa ‘of wheat or its flour. Alternatively, he can give one Saa ‘of dates, sultanas, barley or its flour. If a person wishes to give something besides the four items mentioned before, such as rice, millet, grain or clothes etc. then it is important to take the value of these items into consideration, meaning it is necessary for that item to be equivalent in value of half a Sa ‘of wheat or one Sa’ of barley.
O Iordepth research has shown that the weight of a Saa ‘equates to the weight of 351 Rupees and half a Saa’ equates to the Q What is the quantity of a Saa ‘? ldio weight of 175 Rupees. o What is the quantity of a Saa ‘in todays measurement? A One Saa ‘is approximately 4.94 Kilograms and half a Saa’ is 2.47 O Is it allowed for a person to offer the value of wheat or barley in li bos blo n money instead? A It is more virtuous to give the monetary value of wheat and barley instead. berwelle fon or Who is entitled to receive Sadaqa-e-Fitr? nogu tel el O A Whoever is entitled to Zakaah is also eligible for Sadaqa-e-Fitr. Similarly, those who are not entitled to Zakaah are not eligible for Sadaqa-e-Fitr. sd lk diriom Discourse on Fasting Roie A Q What is fasting? orw.nogu alqong sori solwlle l O A Fasting can be defined to abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse with an intention from the break of dawn until sunset. Q Upon whom are the fasts of Ramadan Fard? M A The fasts of Ramadan are Fard upon every Muslim, sane, mature male and female. The person who rejects this obligation is regarded as a Kaafir and he who misses the fasts without a valid reason is a sinner, transgressor and his testimony will not be valid. When a child reaches the age of ten, then he should be asked to keep fasts and if he refuses then he should be forced. Thursday sne Q In which circumstances is it permissible not to keep fasts? A These are the following: 96
To travel for more than three days. However, if there is no difficulty then it is more virtuous to keep the fast; O A pregnant woman and a breastfeeding woman who have a true and certain fear for their health or the health of their baby; An ill person who has near-to-certain fear that his illness will increase or it will take him longer to get better or the true féar of a healthy person becoming ill then he is allowed to miss the fast for that day; An old and frail person who has no energy whatsoever to keep the fast nor is there any hope in the future for him regaining sufficient energy to be able to keep the fasts; To keep a fast during menstruation and post-natal bleeding is not allowed. Haglipy d petc puog
Q Is it Fard upon the aforementioned people to perform the Qaza of the missed fasts? And it is. It is Fard to keep the Qaza of the missed fasts once the A. problem has passed. If an old person can fast during the winter months, then he should, otherwise he should feed a poor person two meals a day for each fast. Alternatively, he should give the value of Sadaqa-e-Fitr for each fast to a poor person.
Q Is it allowed for those people upon whom fasting is excused to eat openly? A No. It is not permissible for these people to eat or drink openly. hool mol nistads o banisb sd nn anitecl A
Q What is the ruling for a person who openly eats or drinks during the month of Ramadan without any valid Shar’ee reason? v qu bl s mbomefl to A If he resides in a should be killed. Where there is no Islamic rule, then all the Muslims should boycott such a person. COuntry ruled by an Islamic ruler, then he Q How should one make the intention for fasting? A Intention is made in the heart. However, to say with the tongue is Mustahab. If one wishes to make the intention at night, then he should say:
[6:26 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: of “I have intended to fast tomorrow for the sake of Allah Ta’ala from the Fard fasts of Ramiadan.” o What Dua should be recited when making the intention in the morning to fast? The following Dua should be recited: V “I have intended to fast today for the sake of Allah Ta’ala from the Fard fasts of Ramadan.” Or What Dua should be recited when breaking the fast? A The following Dua should be recited: T odi lo ablin “O Allah, for You have I fasted and upon You have I brought faith, and upon You do I put my trust, amd with Your sustenance have I broken my fast. Thus, forgive me for whatever (sins) I have done in the past and whatever I may do in the future. ” otte o 13 o Discourse on those actions which invalidate or do not invalidate a Fast Q What things invalidate a fast? A The following things invalidate a fast: To eat or drink purposely; lt senls ilons To smoke Huqga (Shisha), Biri (Cigar), Cigarette etc and to consume a Paan, or chew tobacco knowingly; tu
[6:26 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: If water traveled down the throat when gargling or reached the brain whilst cleaning the nose knowingly; To intentionally place oil in the ears or to put medicine in the nose such that it reached the brain; To vomit a mouthful intentionally. If it is not a mouthful then it will not invalidate the fast. If it came unintentionally and was not a mouthful the fast will not become invalid, If it was a mouthful then it will only invalidate the fast if it e) ol gimom was swallowed back, Q What things do not invalidate a fast? A The following things do not invalidate a fast: To eat or drink forgetfully; To apply oil or Surma; If a fly, smoke or the dust of milled flour etc reach the throat through unconventional means; If a person rìnsed his mouth and some wetness remained inside and he consumed it with saliva, or water reached the inside of the ears, or mucus reaches the mouth and he consumed it regardless of the amount; To experience a wet dream or to backbite, even though the latter is a major sin; To wake up in the morning in the state of impurity even if a person remains in this state throughout the day. However, to remain in this state deliberately and not to perform Ghusl leading to the Salaah becoming Qaza is Haraam and a sin. ) Gr drinks The Makrooh actions of Fasting Q What actions make fast Makrooh? A A fast becomes Makrooh by lying, backbiting, slandering. swearing, shameless talking or to inflict pain upon anyone. orfT A Q Is it Makrooh to rinse the mouth using a mouthful of water? A Yes, it is Makrooh for a person who is fasting to rinse the mouth using a mouthful of water. coenin or 66
[6:27 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: whilst in the state of fasting? Mio It is not Makrooh to smell perfume, apply oil or Surma in Q Is it Makrooh to smell perfume, to apply oil or Surma (Kohl) der to look attractive is not allowed and hence it is even more disapproved if he applies it during fasting . the state of fasting. However, for males to apply Surma in O. Is it Makrooh to use a Miswaak in the state of fasting? * No. It is not Makrooh to use the Miswaak. In fact, to use the Miswaak is a Sunnah when fasting, in the same way as it is Sunnah for any other days, regardless of whether the Miswaak is wet or dry or whether it is used before or after midday or any other time during the day. Discourse on Nikah (Marriage) Q What is the importance of Nikah? A Whosoever has the capability of supporting the family financially and he is certain that he will indulge himself in sin if he does not, then it is Fard upon that person to marry. If he is not certain but has the fear of indulging in sin then to marry is Wajib. If one is not overcome by his sexual desires then it is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah to marry. It is Makrooh for a person to marry if he fears he shall not be able to bear the financial expenses or he shall not fulfill the obligations after marriage. If he is certain that the aforementioned things may occur, then it lais Haraam for him to marry. lemolg Q To which women is it Haraam to marry? A It is Haraam to marry one’s mother, daughter, sister, aunt, niece, wet-nurse, milk-sister, mother-in-law, step-daughter, daughter-in-law, to marry two sisters, women who are already married, non-believer, apostate or a Wahhaabi woman. Q How should the Nikah be performed for an immature boy and girl?
[6:27 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: A If they have not reached the age of maturity, then permission should be taken from the next of kin (wali). Q Who has the right to be the next of kin? A The following people have the right to be the next of kin in order of importance: 1. If the woman is mentally ill and has a son, then her son has the right to be the next of kin then her grandson and then her great grandson and so forth; o loonde l O 2. If the son is not present or the person who is to be married is immature then the father will be the next of kin; aIM 3. If the father is not present then the grandfather will be the next of kin then the great-grandfather and so forth; 4. Then one’s real brother; vebort gninb omls 3rlio vn 5. Then one’s step brother; 6. Then the son of one’s brother; 7. Then the son of one’s step brother; 8. Then one’s uncle; 9. Then one’s step uncle; 10. Then the son of one’s uncle; 11. Then the son of one’s step uncle; 12. Then one’s father’s real uncle; 13. then the father’s step-uncle; 14. then the father’s real uncle’s son; alol mb 15. then the father’s step-uncle’s son. To summarize, the closest male relative will become the next of kin. If none of the above are present, then the mother becomes the next of kin, then the paternal grandmother, followed by the maternal grandmother, then the daughter, then the grand-daughter and so forth. Then the maternal grandfather.H The Method of Performing the Nikah Q What is the method of performing the Nikah? A If the bride is mature, then it is better that the person performing the Nikah takes direct permission from her, LOI
[6:27 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: otherwise from her next of kin and proceed to the venue in which the ceremony is to be taken place. The bridegroom should be told to repeat the five Kalimah and Iman-e-Mujmal and Mufassal, thereafter stand and deliver the Khutbah. It is also permissible to sit and deliver the Khutbah. The person performing the Nikah should then turn towards the bridegroom and say, “1, the representative of so and so daughter of so and so (For example, Hindah daughter of Zaid) bave given her into your Nikah in exchange of the specificd dowry. Have you accepted? ” If the groom accepts, the person performing the ceremony should make a Dua for mutual love, harmony and protection for both the bride and the bridegroom, The Khutbah of Nikah mil zot l ot n 102
[6:28 PM, 9/20/2020] +44 7448 065141: Discourse on Divorce blot d bluls Q What is divorce? A A woman becomes bound by the obligations of her husband after Nikah. The termination of these obligations is known as Q What is the ruling for giving divorce? A To give a divorce is permissible. However, to give it without a valid reason in the light of Shariat is strictly prohibited. If a reason is present, then it is Mubaah. Moreover, if the woman is causing distress to her husband or others and does not perform Salaah, then it is Mustahab to give her a divorce. If the husband is impotent or he is under the influence of witchcraft such that he cannot have intercourse and no cure can be found for him, then it is Wajib to give a divorce, otherwise, he shall be sinful. Q What is the most preferred method of giving a divorce? A The first divorce (Talaaq-e-Raj’ee) should be given if the couple have not had sexual intercourse during a period where the woman has not been experiencing a menstruation. He should not go near her for the time it takes for her Iddat to pass. If in the situation of giving Talaaq-e-Raj’ee there is fear of causing harm to the woman, then she take a Talaaq-e-Ba’in (second divorce). If the husband has had sexual intercourse with the woman, then a third divorce should not be given as this would obligate a Halalah ‘, without which both cannot marry again. If the husband has not had sexual intercourse with the woman, then he should not give a divorce with the words, “I have given you three divorces” or “I have given you the worst divorce (Talaaq-e-Mugallazah)” as also in this situation, the woman is not allowed to return to her husband in marriage without a Halalah. ‘A Halalah is a process after which a man can re-marry his wife. The method is that after the termination of the Iddat from the first marriage, she marries another man and this man has sexual intercourse with her. After the second husband dies or gives her a complete divorce, the women shall go through the waiting period and upon the termination of this, can she now marry the first husband. 103
Discourse on Iddat (Waiting Period)
Q How long is Iddat?
a widow is pregnant, then her Iddat lasts until the birth of her child, If the widow is not pregnant, then the Iddat is four months and ten days.
The Iddat for a woman who has been given a divorce and is pregnant is again until the birth of her child, The Iddat for an old woman above fifty five or an immature girl is three months.
Iddat for a woman who is not pregnant, old or immature is until the end of three menstrual cycles, regardless of whether these three menstrual cycles finish within three months, three years or even more than that.
Note: There is no Iddat for a woman who has been given a divorce but has not had sexual intercourse with her husband or has not been in isolation with him (Khalwah Sahihah). There is a misconception within the general public that Iddat is three months and thirteen days old, This is baseless and there is no evidence of this in Shariat.
Discourse on Food
Both hands should be washed until the wrists before and after eating. The Sunnah will not be fulfilled by simply washing one hand or just the fingers. One should not wipe the hands after having washed them before eating.
However, the hands should be wiped after having washed them after eating since it shall remove the odor and stains of the food from the hands. Good so before commencing to eat, ‘Bismillaah should be recited.
However, if one forgets then on remembering he should recite ‘Bismillaahi fi Awrwalihi wa Aakhirihi’. No object should be placed on the chapatti (bread) and the hands should not be wiped with the chapatti. It is against the etiquette to eat without covering the head.
The food should be consumed using the right hand and it is Satan’s way of eating with the left. When eating, one should raise the right knee and sit on the left.
Alternatively, one should sit on his bottom with his One should converse whilst eating as to remain silent is the way of the sun worshippers.
While eating, one should not engage himself in unnecessary talk but virtuous talk. One should lick the fingers after finishing and wipe the plate as well. Food should be started and also completed by tasting salt as it eliminate8 The following Dua should be recited after finishing: many “All praise is for Allah, Who has given us food, quenched our thirst, Who has sufficed us and made us from the Muslims . Discourse on Drink Water should be drunk with the right hand after reciting ‘Bismillaah’. To drink with the left hand is the way of Satan, It should be drunk using three sips. On each sip, the glass should be moved from the mouth in order to take a breath.
A break should be taken in between the first two sips and on the third sip one can drink as much as he wishes. Water should never be drunk whilst standing, It has been mentioned in a Hadith, that if a person unintentionally drinks water standing, then he should vomit it out. Water should not be gulped but rather it should be sipped. On finishing, one should recite ‘Alhamdulillaah. Leftover water in the glass should not be thrown away as it is a means of wastage and a sin. 105
It is forbidden to drink directly from the mouth of a water-container and also from a watering can. However, if prior to drinking one sees that there is nothing present in blos these containers then there is no harm to drink directly vnudi from the mouth of such containers. hài vwlh Juini od lerl Vllowain amall tos tawolla ailais19al boabmt oit of ibridotM vlggsoT
Discourse on Clothing
nert orft t irafM vlgen or It is necessary to wear enough clothing to cover the Satr-ę- Aurat. Women should never wear thin or tight clothes which expose the skin of the body. l It is forbidden for women to wear such clothing. Men should not wear thin trousers or a Tahband (loin- 2silim cloth) which exposes the color of the skin.
If they do not cover the Satr-e-Aurat then it is forbidden to wear such clothing. A Dhoti (cloth tied around the waist passing between the legs and fastened behind) should not be worn as it is the practice of the Hindus and the Satr-e-Aurat is not covered as the rear thigh is exposed when walking. It is necessary for Muslims to strictly abstain from such clothing.
Shorts should never be worn as it is Haraam. However, if it aldio they are also worn underneath a Tahband then there is no harm. Discourse on Beauty and Adornment ono vovokt bouslg ton ai dellA isdi dibslHc ni benoitnam and It is Haraam for men to wear gold rings. on sit oue re stone.
The total weight of the ring should be less than 4.5 Masha !. Men are only allowed to wear only one silver ring with a 2-6 A man is not allowed to wear more than one ring or a ring with many stones embedded into it. “One Masha is approximately 0.97 grams. 90%
: women are allowed to wear all types of jewelery, however they are not allowed to wear jewelery made from copper, ateel, iron, sine ete.
It is allowed for girls to wear jewelery made from gold or silver but it is Haraam for boys. Those who made them wear such items of jewelery shall be sinful. To apply Mehndi to the hands and feet of girls is allowed, to apply Mehndi to the hands and feet of boys as a means of beautification is forbidden. to M t Discourse on Sleeping MOV og Before going to sleep, it is Sunnah to recite Surah Ikhlaas three times, Surah Falaq, Surah Naas and Surah Fatiha fon oh once, One shall be safeguarded from all evil and calamities.
It is also Sunnah to recite the following Dua: Horlcl A l brn gol “O Allahl With the aid of Your name I sleep and awaken.”
It is Mustahab to sleep in the state of Wudu. One should sleep on the right hand side, with the right hand underneath the right cheek facing towards the Qibla. After sleeping in that state for a while, one can then sleep on the left side. However, one should not sleep on the atomach as it has been mentioned in a Hadith that Allah Ta’ala is not pleased with this action.
It is not permissible to place one foot upon another if one is lying flat on the back and is wearing a Tahband, or keeping one knee raised as there is a possibility that the Satr-e- Aurat may be exposed. It is not permsalble to sleep on a roof where there is nothing preventing that person from falling down.
When a boy reaches the age of ten, he should refrain from sleeping alongside his mother or slaters. Also, a boy of 20 har A bovolls ne ylombne a aind on 107
Such an age should not even sleep alongside other males of a similar age. It is Makrooh to sleep during the beginning hours of the day and between Magrib and Isha. If all a In this country (India), one is allowed to keep facing the feet towards the North, and to regard this as impermissible is wrong and baseless. On awakening, one should recite: “All praise is due to Allah Who granted us life after death and towards Him is the Gathering.”
Method of Fatiha
Firstly, one should recite Durood three, five, or seven times, followed by the recitation of the four Quls, Surah Fatiha, and lastly ‘Aleef laam meem’ until ‘Muflihoon’. In the end, Durood should be recited again three, five, or seven times.
One should raise the hands in the court of Allah Ta’ala and say, “O Allah send the reward of the Durood and the verses of the Qur’an I have recited (if food is present then he should also say ‘… the reward of this food …) to the Holy Prophet. Through his mediation, send the reward to all the Prophets, to the Sahabah (Companions), to the Awliyah, and to the righteous Scholars.
(If one wishes to send the reward to a specific righteous personality, then the name of that person should be mentioned and one should say …) specifically, send the reward to Hazrat Ghawth-e-Azam Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani and Hazrat Khawaja Gharib Nawaz Ajmeri, Send the reward to the souls of all the Muslims and the believers.
(If one wishes to send the reward to a general individual, then the name of that person should be specifically mentioned and should say …) specifically, send the reward to the soul of my father, mother, grandfather, grandmother. Then, send the reward to all the believing men and women.
to eaiein to
The first Kalimah Tayyibah ‘(Purity)
“There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”
Second Kalimah ‘Shahaadah’ (Witness)
“I testify that there is no God but Allah and He has no partner and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.”
The third Kalimah Tamjeed ‘(Exaltation)
“Glorified is Allah and all praise is for Allah. There is no God but Allah and Allah is the Greatest. There is no might or strength except through Allah, Who is the most Supreme, High. ” The fourth Kalimah Tawheed ‘(Oneness) “There is no God but Allah, He is One, He has no partner. Everything belongs to Him and all praise is due to Him. He gives life and death and in His power lays all goodness. And He has power over everything possible.”
The Fifth Kalimah ‘Radd-e-Kufr’ (Refuting Infidelity)
“O Allah! I seek refuge in You, from associating anything with You which I know of and 1 seek repentance from that which I have no knowledge of, I have repented from and renounced Kufr, Shirk, lying, backbiting, slandering and every type of sin. I have embraced Islam completely and I have brought complete faith. And I declare that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
“I believe in Allah just as He exists with all His Names and Attributes. I have accepted all His commands and His obligations and I endorse this with my tongue and by the truth in my heart.”
“I believe in Allah, and all His angels, and His Books, and all His Messengers, the Final Day, and in Destiny, the good and bad of which is from Allah Ta ‘ ala and I believe in the resurrection after death. “